Click here to close now.

Welcome!

Web 2.0 Authors: Yeshim Deniz, Carmen Gonzalez, Alena Prokharchyk, Elizabeth White, Ian Khan

Blog Feed Post

What is a Threat Intelligence Platform

Last week, Anton Chuvakin from Gartner wrote a blog about what he is calling an Intelligence Management Platform. He includes some thoughts by Facebook on how they are building their own platform.  He alludes to non-public sources and I’m sure ThreatConnect™ is one, so rather than keep you all in suspense, I thought this would be an opportune time for ThreatConnect to say what we think a Threat Intelligence Platform is.

Rick Holland from Forrester said recently at a SANS conference that the threat intelligence platform is like the quarterback of your operations. The threat intelligence platform should be calling the shots and running the show.

There is also talk of how Threat Intelligence Platforms and Incident Response platforms are emerging into two distinct products.  I do not think that they should be, rather I believe that the pursuit of truly understanding security of the business will result in a single converged product category. You can’t have a football team with two quarterbacks on the field, and you can’t have two different platforms responsible for managing your threat intelligence and response activities.

I’m not sure what the industry will settle on as far as a name given the now extended scope of requirements, but whatever the name becomes, I believe the requirements are now well understood.

What is the Problem and Why Now?

Throughout the enterprise there are security personnel using a variety of processes and tools to conduct their incident response, network defense, and threat analysis.  Integration between teams supporting these functions and management have to this point been mostly manual efforts.

Unless they had vast resources to build a proper platform, security team efforts haven’t been integrated, or are integrated but through rudimentary technologies like email, spreadsheets, or maybe a SharePoint portal or a ticketing system.   These techniques, although better than nothing, do not scale as the team grows and the number of malicious events and security processes increases. We saw this same problem with other parts of the business, and platforms were created to support them in their quest for automation and better management processes.  For example, PeopleSoft for human resources, Salesforce for sales, Intuit for finance, SAP for manufacturing, and Eloqua for marketing.

Due to the ever-increasing threat of cyber attack and regulatory pressures there is a need for a new type of enterprise platform that can support the entire security team from the CIO to the personnel spanning processes for incident response, network defense, and threat analysis.  The platform must be used for tactical day-to-day blocking and tackling as well as strategic decision-making and process improvement.

What is a Threat Intelligence Platform?

A Threat Intelligence Platform permits personnel throughout the enterprise to manage processes on the security relevant data that they care about. Other personnel processes can be integrated on top of that same data simultaneously as part of the same or a different process.  Processes might include triaging events in the SOC, conducting incident response, or the threat team’s processes for integrating external feeds or intelligence.  From the management perspective, the platform must present trends, supply real-time updates, as well as support threat-driven long-term prioritization across the business. The platform must support the integration of all the stakeholders and data that is relevant to each in a way where they can work together as a team.  Customization of the platform is key, as each organization will have different processes, and data customizations needs across processes for aggregation, analysis, and action.

Aggregation – From Feeds to Intelligence

The culmination of one or more feeds is not sufficient on its own; instead you need to focus on processing your own data then overlay what everyone else knows on top of that.   Without this type of understanding you never know what is truly relevant to your organization.

There is a lot of emphasis on feeds in the marketplace right now.  How many feeds do you support and which ones? Can you support structured and unstructured data input?  Do you support STIX? What is the process (manual, automated, semi-automated) to get it into the system? Do you support API level integrations? Although these things are important, I would attest that these questions are just the beginning, and the easy part of the question.

Instead, we need to be thinking bigger and considering how incoming feeds will be made relevant and how they will support the various processes and stakeholders throughout the business that will use them in different ways. Incoming feed data must be correlated with the organization’s knowledge base, and tailored to meet the needs of the different stakeholders – from security team personnel to management and beyond.  Automation of processing feeds will be critical so that you can avoid overwhelming your staff with mundane data processing. Even with automation, you will need to support human processing on feed data to ensure its usefulness.  This will require analysis process support as described below.

Finally, the feedback loop will be critical in order to support the processes of evaluating the feeds you are using.  This will allow internal events to highlight what feed sources are most applicable to the organization, and what types of data have the most usefulness.

Analysis – Where the Rubber Meets the Road

Analysis is a core feature of the Threat Intelligence Platform and it needs to automate as much of the processing as is technically possible.  This requires the platform to be built with data management in mind and automation can’t be an afterthought. ThreatConnect leverages the Diamond Model for Intrusion Analysis as its foundation for making sense of the dataset.  This is not a data structure, as ThreatConnect allows each customer to extend their data structures to meet their own unique needs, but instead is a powerful baked-in methodology that allows the platform to make sense of the dataset.

Here are three use-cases that are typically done by ThreatConnect customers.  Although I’m discussing three different teams in them, the productivity gains provided by the platform are even more apparent with more limited resources.

  • Collections – The organization is receiving feeds, tippers, community-derived intelligence, and possibly detection signatures from a variety of sources. They input all of this incoming data into ThreatConnect, triage its priority, and conduct processing to make it actionable.   If the data already exists, the system can add additional context derived by the new source. If the data is new, ThreatConnect may assign initial priorities based on relations to already known threats or previously observed activity.  Depending on the data type and integration, and the organization’s policy, processing for action can be completely automated at various thresholds (detect-only, block, report, etc.).   Signature management is made simple through the process of automatically associating new feed indicators and context with already present signatures that have been previously associated with the same indicator, while any new indicators can be put into a process for signature creation.
  • SOC – The SOC supplies the threat team with potential indicators of compromise via ThreatConnect. The threat team analyzes the indicators to provide additional context by leveraging data service integrations within ThreatConnect such as passive DNS and Reverse Whois tracking, and provides more indicators back to the SOC to search for in their logs.  Like in the first use case, this process can be automated through integrations with SIEM or other network defense. This iterates until a point where no more information can be gleaned and the process is completed.
  • Incident Response – The IR team processes an incident within ThreatConnect.  Throughout the process, incident data is automatically associated with existing knowledge and potentially previous courses of action created during previous incident response activities or by the threat team based on their own proactive efforts.  Throughout the process, asking for assistance is as easy as creating a task and assigning it to another team member.

Although redundant for each use case, there are several common analysis requirements supported through the platform.

  • The ability for each ThreatConnect customer to customize the platform to meet his or her needs for data storage, management, and processing.   This includes customizing data elements requiring storage and management, processes across various teams, as well as the input fields that help staff more quickly support data entry tasks.
  • ThreatConnect will create new data, enrich current data, and/or make associations across the existing dataset.  This allows the team to work collectively from the same knowledgebase, create more accurate data, and become more productive throughout all their processes.
  • Using the ThreatConnect discussions feature allows collaboration across all processes, tasks, and even supports collaboration at the atomic indicator level.  The ability to collaborate is essential as teams become larger and more geographically disparate.  With the follow feature you can be alerted during or after a process is completed if anything changes.
  • Using ThreatConnect workflow, the organization’s process is streamlined and tracked through completion. The ability to do postmortem inspection allows you to continually improve your processes.
  • ThreatConnect cloud customers can leverage our Analyst On-Demand feature to seek virtual assistance for one task or across an entire process.

Action – The Pieces Come Together

Integrations are a key requirement of a Threat Intelligence Platform. Whether the integration leverages threat intelligence collected and analyzed from a feed, or new context found during a SOC event or incident response activity; data from the platform needs to make its way back into the products your organization uses to automate your organizations protection.  By shortening the timeframe from aggregation, analysis processes, to action with automated integration, you can speed up the processes for detection and protection.

Use-cases with the ThreatConnect Platform:

  • Signature Management – Customer defined processes for signature (currently snort, YARA, BRO, OpenIOC, clamAV, CybOX, Suricata) creation, approval, and installation.
  • Context specific Watchlists – The process of creating tailored feeds of malicious indicators to hunt for and integrating them into a variety of SIEMs or other products based on common threats, exploits, or other areas of concern.
  • Block Approvals – There are a variety of ways to approve malicious indicators for blocking.  Depending on the source, rating, or relevancy to your business, the system can approve blocks or submit them for human approval.
  • Subsequent Analysis – Sometimes you need to look for the needle in the haystack or allow external partners access to the data for their analysis. API integration with third party data analysis tools allows customers to conduct further analysis.  Sharing with external parties may also create its own cycle of sharing and receiving back threat intelligence, so easily extracting data in a structured format has proven an important capability.

But that isn’t where it should stop, as described in the SOC and IR processes, response processing should also be done within the platform as well. To truly realize the potential of the platform, threat intelligence-derived events should be communicated back to the platform as internally derived intelligence for automated association and subsequent processing. This would allow you to prioritize your response based on the risk of the unknown event (based on existing data) and shorten the timeframes for processing of true threats to your network. This also can serve a prioritization scheme for budget approval of threat intelligence feeds that are most relevant to your business.

Conclusion

In order for threat data to be threat intelligence it has to be relevant. In the world of network defense, this means it must be relevant to the threats that your organization faces. For this reason it does not make sense to separate incident response and threat analysis processes or teams into separate platform environments. Doing so would be needlessly segmenting internal intelligence gleaned from incident response and external intelligence from research and indicator feeds. By pulling all your stakeholders and data into a single enterprise security platform you can make everyone more productive, make better decisions, and begin to automate the processes of detecting and responding to cyber threats in a more comprehensive way.

 

The post What is a Threat Intelligence Platform appeared first on ThreatConnect - Threat Intelligence.

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Adam Vincent

Adam is an internationally renowned information security expert and is currently the CEO and a founder at Cyber Squared Inc. He possesses over a decade of experience in programming, network security, penetration testing, cryptography design & cryptanalysis, identity and access control, and a detailed expertise in information security. The culmination of this knowledge has led to the company’s creation of ThreatConnect™, the first-of-its-kind threat intelligence platform. He currently serves as an advisor to multiple security-focused organizations and has provided consultation to numerous businesses ranging from start-ups to governments, Fortune 500 organizations, and top financial institutions. Adam holds an MS in computer science with graduate certifications in computer security and information assurance from George Washington University. Vincent lives in Arlington, VA with his wife, two children, and dog.

@ThingsExpo Stories
Chuck Piluso will present a study of cloud adoption trends and the power and flexibility of IBM Power and Pureflex cloud solutions. Speaker Bio: Prior to Data Storage Corporation (DSC), Mr. Piluso founded North American Telecommunication Corporation, a facilities-based Competitive Local Exchange Carrier licensed by the Public Service Commission in 10 states, serving as the company's chairman and president from 1997 to 2000. Between 1990 and 1997, Mr. Piluso served as chairman & founder of International Telecommunications Corporation, a facilities-based international carrier licensed by t...
There are lots of challenges in IoT around secure, scalable and business friendly infrastructure for enterprises. For large corporations, IoT implementations are one of the top priorities of the decade. All industries are seeing a competitive need to sustain by investing in IoT initiatives. The value addition comes from improved customer service, innovative product and additional revenue streams. The data from these IP-connected devices can be leveraged for a variety of business applications as well as responsive action controls. The various architectural building blocks of an IoT ...
“In the past year we've seen a lot of stabilization of WebRTC. You can now use it in production with a far greater degree of certainty. A lot of the real developments in the past year have been in things like the data channel, which will enable a whole new type of application," explained Peter Dunkley, Technical Director at Acision, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
WebRTC is an up-and-coming standard that enables real-time voice and video to be directly embedded into browsers making the browser a primary user interface for communications and collaboration. WebRTC runs in a number of browsers today and is currently supported in over a billion installed browsers globally, across a range of platform OS and devices. Today, organizations that choose to deploy WebRTC applications and use a host machine that supports audio through USB or Bluetooth can use Plantronics products to connect and transit or receive the audio associated with the WebRTC session.
The best mobile applications are augmented by dedicated servers, the Internet and Cloud services. Mobile developers should focus on one thing: writing the next socially disruptive viral app. Thanks to the cloud, they can focus on the overall solution, not the underlying plumbing. From iOS to Android and Windows, developers can leverage cloud services to create a common cross-platform backend to persist user settings, app data, broadcast notifications, run jobs, etc. This session provides a high level technical overview of many cloud services available to mobile app developers, includi...
SYS-CON Media announced today that @WebRTCSummit Blog, the largest WebRTC resource in the world, has been launched. @WebRTCSummit Blog offers top articles, news stories, and blog posts from the world's well-known experts and guarantees better exposure for its authors than any other publication. @WebRTCSummit Blog can be bookmarked ▸ Here @WebRTCSummit conference site can be bookmarked ▸ Here
SYS-CON Events announced today that Ciqada will exhibit at SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Ciqada™ makes it easy to connect your products to the Internet. By integrating key components - hardware, servers, dashboards, and mobile apps - into an easy-to-use, configurable system, your products can quickly and securely join the internet of things. With remote monitoring, control, and alert messaging capability, you will meet your customers' needs of tomorrow - today! Ciqada. Let your products take flight. For more inform...
Health care systems across the globe are under enormous strain, as facilities reach capacity and costs continue to rise. M2M and the Internet of Things have the potential to transform the industry through connected health solutions that can make care more efficient while reducing costs. In fact, Vodafone's annual M2M Barometer Report forecasts M2M applications rising to 57 percent in health care and life sciences by 2016. Lively is one of Vodafone's health care partners, whose solutions enable older adults to live independent lives while staying connected to loved ones. M2M will continue to gr...
Dave will share his insights on how Internet of Things for Enterprises are transforming and making more productive and efficient operations and maintenance (O&M) procedures in the cleantech industry and beyond. Speaker Bio: Dave Landa is chief operating officer of Cybozu Corp (kintone US). Based in the San Francisco Bay Area, Dave has been on the forefront of the Cloud revolution driving strategic business development on the executive teams of multiple leading Software as a Services (SaaS) application providers dating back to 2004. Cybozu's kintone.com is a leading global BYOA (Build Your O...
As enterprises move to all-IP networks and cloud-based applications, communications service providers (CSPs) – facing increased competition from over-the-top providers delivering content via the Internet and independently of CSPs – must be able to offer seamless cloud-based communication and collaboration solutions that can scale for small, midsize, and large enterprises, as well as public sector organizations, in order to keep and grow market share. The latest version of Oracle Communications Unified Communications Suite gives CSPs the capability to do just that. In addition, its integration ...
The 17th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. 17th International Cloud Expo, to be held November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, brings together Cloud Computing, APM, APIs, Microservices, Security, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportunity. Submit your speaking proposal today!
While not quite mainstream yet, WebRTC is starting to gain ground with Carriers, Enterprises and Independent Software Vendors (ISV’s) alike. WebRTC makes it easy for developers to add audio and video communications into their applications by using Web browsers as their platform. But like any market, every customer engagement has unique requirements, as well as constraints. And of course, one size does not fit all. In her session at WebRTC Summit, Dr. Natasha Tamaskar, Vice President, Head of Cloud and Mobile Strategy at GENBAND, will explore what is needed to take a real time communications ...
The IoT Bootcamp is coming to Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo on June 9-10 at the Javits Center in New York. Instructor. Registration is now available at http://iotbootcamp.sys-con.com/ Instructor Janakiram MSV previously taught the famously successful Multi-Cloud Bootcamp at Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo in November in Santa Clara. Now he is expanding the focus to Janakiram is the founder and CTO of Get Cloud Ready Consulting, a niche Cloud Migration and Cloud Operations firm that recently got acquired by Aditi Technologies. He is a Microsoft Regional Director for Hyderabad, India, and one of the f...
In 2015, 4.9 billion connected "things" will be in use. By 2020, Gartner forecasts this amount to be 25 billion, a 410 percent increase in just five years. How will businesses handle this rapid growth of data? Hadoop will continue to improve its technology to meet business demands, by enabling businesses to access/analyze data in real time, when and where they need it. Cloudera's Chief Technologist, Eli Collins, will discuss how Big Data is keeping up with today's data demands and how in the future, data and analytics will be pervasive, embedded into every workflow, application and infra...
From telemedicine to smart cars, digital homes and industrial monitoring, the explosive growth of IoT has created exciting new business opportunities for real time calls and messaging. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Ivelin Ivanov, CEO and Co-Founder of Telestax, shared some of the new revenue sources that IoT created for Restcomm – the open source telephony platform from Telestax. Ivelin Ivanov is a technology entrepreneur who founded Mobicents, an Open Source VoIP Platform, to help create, deploy, and manage applications integrating voice, video and data. He is the co-founder of TeleStax, a...
As Marc Andreessen says software is eating the world. Everything is rapidly moving toward being software-defined – from our phones and cars through our washing machines to the datacenter. However, there are larger challenges when implementing software defined on a larger scale - when building software defined infrastructure. In his session at 16th Cloud Expo, Boyan Ivanov, CEO of StorPool, will provide some practical insights on what, how and why when implementing "software-defined" in the datacenter.
How is unified communications transforming the way businesses operate? In his session at WebRTC Summit, Arvind Rangarajan, Director of Product Marketing at BroadSoft, will discuss how to extend unified communications experience outside the enterprise through WebRTC. He will also review use cases across different industry verticals. Arvind Rangarajan is Director, Product Marketing at BroadSoft. He has over 19 years of experience in the telecommunications industry in various roles such as Software Development, Product Management and Product Marketing, applied across Wireless, Unified Communic...
SYS-CON Events announced today that MangoApps will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY., and the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MangoApps provides private all-in-one social intranets allowing workers to securely collaborate from anywhere in the world and from any device. Social, mobile, and easy to use. MangoApps has been named a "Market Leader" by Ovum Research and a "Cool Vendor" by Gartner...
SYS-CON Media announced today that @ThingsExpo Blog launched with 7,788 original stories. @ThingsExpo Blog offers top articles, news stories, and blog posts from the world's well-known experts and guarantees better exposure for its authors than any other publication. @ThingsExpo Blog can be bookmarked. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal and enterprise IT since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago.
The world's leading Cloud event, Cloud Expo has launched Microservices Journal on the SYS-CON.com portal, featuring over 19,000 original articles, news stories, features, and blog entries. DevOps Journal is focused on this critical enterprise IT topic in the world of cloud computing. Microservices Journal offers top articles, news stories, and blog posts from the world's well-known experts and guarantees better exposure for its authors than any other publication. Follow new article posts on Twitter at @MicroservicesE