Welcome!

Web 2.0 Authors: Trevor Parsons, Elizabeth White, Liz McMillan, Jnan Dash, Sematext Blog

Related Topics: Cloud Expo

Cloud Expo: Article

Cloud Computing Journal: Current Themes & Topics

A round-up of the world of delivering massively scalable IT as a service using Internet technologies

A round-up of Cloud Computing issues and topics as seen through the lens of the many contributors whose thoughts and ideas appear in SYS-CON's pioneering Cloud Computing Journal.

From Amazon EC2 and App Engine from Google to Utility Computing, Virtualization, and Walled Gardens - there's no aspect of Cloud Computing that hasn't already been addressed at some level of detail in SYS-CON Media's Cloud Computing Journal. Here's a round-up of the world of Delivering Scalable IT as a Service, seen through the lens of the many contributors whose thoughts and ideas have already appeared there since it first appeared in June 2008 as the world's first journal devoted exclusively to the delivery of massively scalable IT resources as a service using Internet technologies.

Abramowski, David - CEO of MorphLabs and author of "Getting Your Groovy On with Grails and Cloud Computing" in which he examines the three different layers of Cloud Computing - infrastructure, infrastructure management & platform as a service.

Amazon EC2 - is the focus of Don MacAskill's "Cloud Computing: The SmugMug Approach to Using Amazon's S3 and EC2" in which he writes: "Everyone knows that SmugMug is a heavy user of S3, storing well over half a petabyte of data (non-replicated) there. What you may not know is that EC2 provides a core part of our infrastructure, too. Thanks to Amazon, the software and hardware that processes all of your high-resolution photos and high-definition video is totally scalable without any human intervention. And when I say scalable, I mean both up and down, just the way it should be. Here's our approach in a nutshell...". Don is the CEO of SmugMug.

Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud - see Amazon EC2

Amazon Simple Storage Service - see Amazon S3

Amazon S3 -
which Amazon itself describes as "storage for the Internet...designed to make web-scale computing easier for developers" - features in "Cloud Computing: The SmugMug Approach to Using Amazon's S3 and EC2" by is the CEO and Chief Geek of SmugMug, Don MacAskill. The article is covers how EC2 provides a core part of SmugMug's infrastructure in addition to its heavy use of S3.

App Engine - Google's offering aimed at enables the building of web applications "on the same scalable systems that power Google applications." Billy Marshall in "Cloud Computing Casts Shadow on Walled Gardens" declares himself "a bit disappointed with Google's AppEngine" since in his view "It appears that Google is embracing the 'walled garden' approach of salesforce.com and Microsoft instead of the cloud approach of Amazon."

Charrington, Sam - is author of the "In the Loop" blog and wrote "Cloud Computing: It's the Future of Enterprise IT" - in which he declared "I strongly believe that in the future, most if not all server-side software applications will be deployed in a cloud-computing-like manner." Charrington is VP of Product Management & Marketing at Appistry.

Cloud Computing Interoperability Forum - With 60+ members (November 2008), the Cloud Computing Interoperability Forum is a group of industry stakeholders that are active in cloud computing. The group's goal is to define an organization that would enable interoperable enterprise-class cloud computing platforms through application integration and stakeholder cooperation. [[email protected]]

Cloud Computing Layers -
are looked at by MorphLabs' CEO David Abramowski in "Getting Your Groovy On with Grails and Cloud Computing," which profiles three different layers - infrastructure, infrastructure management & platform as a service.

Cloud Computing Terminology - is what Geva Perry tries to nail down in "Cloud Computing Terminology" (a work in progress, obviously).

"Cloud Dining" Analogy
- Devised by Cisco's Omar Sultan, this analogy sheds light on the essence of Cloud Computing. In "Cloud Computing and the "Cloud Dining" Analogy", Sultan writes: "I am the cook in the house and I am tasked with feeding the family. If my 10-year old is lobbying for Italian, I am cook at home or order out. The decision may also vary from day to day. For instance, I might not have all the ingredients and have to order out, or, like this weekend, it may be 103 outside and cooking at home is not all that appealing. Now, the same can be said for supporting a given application in a cloud computing environment."

Cloud Reliability - see Reliability

Cloud Security - In "The Need for Two-Factor Authentication in Cloud Computing", David Jevans contends that all Internet services that have personal or business information should offer strong 2-factor authentication to their users and customers. "Think about all of the critical data and IT systems that are moving into the cloud these days," Jevans - Chief Executive Officer of IronKey - writes. In "Do You Really Want Your Data in the Cloud?" Microsoft's Don Dodge raises similar concerns.

Cloud Tools - are the subject of "Deployment Tools for Cloud Computing" by the Chairman & CEO of WaveMaker, Chris Keene. "For cloud computing to take off," Keene contends with characteristic insight, "there need to be tools available that enable a developer to build and deploy an application without having to download anything to their desktop." In Keene's this requires an on-demand development tool that sits on top of the cloud and provides a development Platform as a Service (PaaS).

Cloud Pyramid, The
- is an interesting graphical way of differentiating the various Cloud offerings out there offered by Michael Sheehan in "Introducing the Cloud Pyramid" - cloud applications, cloud platforms, and cloud infrastructure are the three layers of Sheehan's easy-to-grok pyramid diagram.

Cohen, Reuven - Author of a string of insightful articles: "Cloud Computing and Virtualization - A Perfect Match", "The Geopolitical Cloud", "The Business of Building Clouds", "Forget the Darknets, Make Way for The Dark Cloud" and "Morgan Stanley is Banking on the Cloud", Cohen is Founder & Chief Technologist for Toronto based Enomaly Inc.

Crosby, Simon - Now CTO of Citrix Systems, Simon Crosby was founder and CTO of XenSource prior to the acquisition of XenSource by Citrix. He makes some very interesting remarks about the Cloud during this recent SYS-CON.TV Power Panel. About mid-way through, worth watching!

Dark Clouds - are the topic of "Forget the Darknets, Make Way for The Dark Cloud" by Reuven Cohen, who asks "Are we on the brink of seeing the rise of private corporate darknets a.k.a. 'dark clouds'?"

Defining Cloud Computing - In "Twenty Experts Define Cloud Computing" (an article that was Slashdotted), Cloud Computing Journal's publisher Jeremy Geelan gathers together in one place definitions by Reuven Cohen, Brian de Haaff, Don Dodge, Trevor Doerksen, Damon Edwards, Praising Gaw, Douglas Gourlay, Kevin Hartig, Jeff Kaplan, Ben Kepes, Markus Klems, Yan Pritzker, Aaron Ricadela, Michael Sheehan, Kirill Sheynkman, Omar Sultan, Thorsten von Eicken, Paul Wallis, and Irving Wladwasky Berger.

Doerksen, Trevor - is the author of "Who Can Help Me Get an Application onto EC2 and Storage onto S3?" and is CEO & Founder of MoboVivo. He is also one of the experts quoted in Jeremy Geelan's round-up: "Twenty Experts Define Cloud Computing" - in which Doerksen boils it down to being simply "the user-friendly version of grid computing." [emphasis added]. This is also the subject of a separate article, "Cloud Computing - The User-Friendly Version of Grid Computing" in which Doerksen argues that the difference between 'grid computing' and c'loud computing' is "purely academic."

EC2 - see Amazon EC2

Enterprise Cloud Computing
- is succinctly investigated by Jian Zhen in "The Five Key Challenges of Enterprise Cloud Computing" who names them to be Data Governance, Manageability, Monitoring, Reliability & Availability, and Virtualization Security.

Future of the Cloud -
is covered well by Sam Johnson in "The Future of Cloud Computing"

Google's App Engine -
see App Engine

Grid Computing -
is different from Cloud Computing, explains FastScale CTO Thorsten von Eicken in "Cloud Computing vs. Grid Computing - What's the Difference?" Another article on the same topic is "Understanding 'Clouded' Terms of Cloud Computing" by the Technology Evangelist of ServePath, Michael Sheehan. A very nice "History of the Cloud", written by Paul Wallis, looks at Cloud Computing's forerunners, and describes how in the early 1990s Ian Foster and Carl Kesselman came up with a new concept of 'The Grid'. Sam Johnson, in "The Future of Cloud Computing," that "The Cloud is what the Grid could have been."

History of The Cloud - In "Is the Cloud There Yet? - A Brief History of Cloud Computing", Paul Wallis notes: "In order to discuss some of the issues surrounding The Cloud concept, I think it is important to place it in historical context. Looking at the Cloud's forerunners, and the problems they encountered, gives us the reference points to guide us through the challenges it needs to overcome." His article does just that, and is a great read.

Johnson, Sam - author of "The Future of Cloud Computing" in which he notes "The Cloud is what the Grid could have been" - Johnson is also responsible for a recent overhaul of the Wikipedia definition of Cloud Computing.

Keene, Christopher - Chairman & CEO of WaveMaker and author of "Deployment Tools for Cloud Computing" about the need for an on-demand development tool that sits on top of the cloud and provides a development Platform as a Service (PaaS).

Klems, Markus - Author of "The Cloud Computing Ecosphere", Klems is a research assistant at Germany-based FZI Research Center for Information Technology. He also wrote "Merrill Lynch Estimates Cloud Computing To Be $100 Billion Market" and "Cloud Computing is a Developer-Facing Business."

Levels of Cloud Computing - is what Thorsten von Eicken, CTO & Founder at FastScale, sees and discusses in his article "The Three Levels of Cloud Computing" on how the different offerings compare, from Amazon Web Services to Google App Engine and Force.com.

MacAskill, Don - CEO and Chief Geek of SmugMug and author of "Cloud Computing: The SmugMug Approach to Using Amazon's S3 and EC2" about how EC2 provides a core part of SmugMug's infrastructure in addition to its heavy use of S3.

Marshall, Billy - Founder of rPath and author of "Cloud Computing Casts Shadow on Walled Gardens", in which he declares himself "a bit disappointed with Google's AppEngine" since in his view "It appears that Google is embracing the 'walled garden' approach of salesforce.com and Microsoft instead of the cloud approach of Amazon." Marshall is also a speaker at the 1st International Cloud Computing Expo (November 19-21, San Jose, CA).

Merrill Lynch - is the focus of "Merrill Lynch Estimates Cloud Computing To Be $100 Billion Market" by Markus Klems, telling of a report in which the authors identify 10 companies + 2 'unconventional plays' with exposure to Cloud Computing growth. The companies? Amazon, Microsoft, Google, EMC, VMware, IBM, Sun, Dell, Akamai, SalesForce.com, NetSuite, and Activision.

Morgan Stanley - is, notes Reuven Cohen, "Banking on the Cloud." Why is the banking giant on track to spend more than ever on their IT budget? "They seem to think that during periods of lower economic activity it gives them a rare opportunity to establish themselves in new areas of emerging technology that may give them a competitive advantage down the road," according to Cohen.

Novikoff, Eric - author of "Cloud Computing and Reliability" in which he notes: "Despite claims of reliability, few cloud vendors have tight SLAs (service level agreements) that promise controlled downtime or offer rebates for excess downtime."

Perry, Geva - tries to nail down "Cloud Computing Terminology" in one handy reference article. "I thought I'd list some of the new terms I'm seeing with brief definitions, examples of usage and references to discussions related to these terms. Hope this is useful," writes Perry, with characteristic modesty.

Platform as a Service (PaaS) - constitutes on of the key elements of what Markus Klems calls "The Cloud Computing Ecosphere", and is the focus of "The Nine Features of an Ideal PaaS Cloud" by Joyent CEO David Young, who writes: "Clouds should be open. They shouldn’t be proprietary. More broadly, I believe no vendor currently does everything that’s required to serve customers well."

Reliability - is a key aspect of the Cloud dealt with by Eric Novikoff in his article "Cloud Computing and Reliability". "Despite claims of reliability, few cloud vendors have tight SLAs (service level agreements) that promise controlled downtime or offer rebates for excess downtime," he notes. "To get very good reliability, you must still apply traditional approaches of redundancy and observability that have been used in physical data centers for decades - or, you have to find a cloud computing services provider that can implement them for you," Novikoff concludes.

"Ruv's Law" - proposed by Reuven Cohen in "Cloud Computing and Virtualization - A Perfect Match" - holds that every 18 months the amount of cloud capacity will double.

Sheehan, Michael - author of "Understanding 'Clouded' Terms of Cloud Computing" and Technology Evangelist of ServePath. He also authored "Introducing the Cloud Pyramid" and "Cloud Computing vs Grid Computing."

Uptime - see Reliability

Utility Computing -

Virtualization - is not the same as Cloud Computing, even though Reuven Cohen declares "Cloud Computing and Virtualization - A Perfect Match"

von Eicken, Thorsten - author of "The Three Levels of Cloud Computing" on how the different offerings compare, from Amazon Web Services to Google App Engine and Force.com, is CTO & Founder at RightScale and a speaker at the 1st International Cloud Computing Expo. He also authored "Cloud Computing vs. Grid Computing - What's the Difference?"

Walled Gardens - ultimately restrict the growth of the market, argues rPath's founder Billy Marshall in "Cloud Computing Casts Shadow on Walled Gardens", in which Marshall declares himself "a bit disappointed with Google's AppEngine" since in his view "It appears that Google is embracing the 'walled garden' approach of salesforce.com and Microsoft instead of the cloud approach of Amazon."

Wallis, Paul - CTO at Stroma Software Limited and author of "Is the Cloud There Yet? - A Brief History of Cloud Computing". "In order to discuss some of the issues surrounding The Cloud concept," Wallis notes, "I think it is important to place it in historical context. Looking at the Cloud's forerunners, and the problems they encountered, gives us the reference points to guide us through the challenges it needs to overcome."

Wikipedia - has a definition of Cloud Computing recently overhauled by Cloud Computing Journal contributor Sam Johnson.

Young, David - CEO of Joyent, author of "The Nine Features of an Ideal PaaS Cloud" in which he writes: "Clouds should be open. They shouldn’t be proprietary. More broadly, I believe no vendor currently does everything that’s required to serve customers well." The nine features detailed in the article are as follows: Virtualization Layer Network Stability; API for Creation, Deletion, Cloning of Instances; Application Layer Interoperability; State Layer Interoperability; Application Services (e.g. email infrastructure, payments infrastructure); Automatic Scale; Hardware Load Balancing; Storage as a Service; and “Root”, If Required.

Jian Zhen - Senior Director of Product Management at LogLogic, succinctly investigates "The Five Key Challenges of Enterprise Cloud Computing" - which he deems to be: Data Governance, Manageability, Monitoring, Reliability & Availability, and Virtualization Security.

More Stories By Jeremy Geelan

Jeremy Geelan is Chairman & CEO of the 21st Century Internet Group, Inc. and an Executive Academy Member of the International Academy of Digital Arts & Sciences. Formerly he was President & COO at Cloud Expo, Inc. and Conference Chair of the worldwide Cloud Expo series. He appears regularly at conferences and trade shows, speaking to technology audiences across six continents. You can follow him on twitter: @jg21.

Comments (1) View Comments

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


Most Recent Comments
Jeremy Geelan 08/29/08 03:23:19 AM EDT

In response to inquiries and suggestions from readers this lexicon has recently been expanded...

--jg

@ThingsExpo Stories
The 3rd International Internet of @ThingsExpo, co-located with the 16th International Cloud Expo - to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY - announces that its Call for Papers is now open. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the biggest idea since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago.
Technology is enabling a new approach to collecting and using data. This approach, commonly referred to as the "Internet of Things" (IoT), enables businesses to use real-time data from all sorts of things including machines, devices and sensors to make better decisions, improve customer service, and lower the risk in the creation of new revenue opportunities. In his General Session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Dave Wagstaff, Vice President and Chief Architect at BSQUARE Corporation, discuss the real benefits to focus on, how to understand the requirements of a successful solution, the flow of ...
"People are a lot more knowledgeable about APIs now. There are two types of people who work with APIs - IT people who want to use APIs for something internal and the product managers who want to do something outside APIs for people to connect to them," explained Roberto Medrano, Executive Vice President at SOA Software, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at Cloud Expo, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
We’re no longer looking to the future for the IoT wave. It’s no longer a distant dream but a reality that has arrived. It’s now time to make sure the industry is in alignment to meet the IoT growing pains – cooperate and collaborate as well as innovate. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jim Hunter, Chief Scientist & Technology Evangelist at Greenwave Systems, will examine the key ingredients to IoT success and identify solutions to challenges the industry is facing. The deep industry expertise behind this presentation will provide attendees with a leading edge view of rapidly emerging IoT oppor...
In this Women in Technology Power Panel at 15th Cloud Expo, moderated by Anne Plese, Senior Consultant, Cloud Product Marketing at Verizon Enterprise, Esmeralda Swartz, CMO at MetraTech; Evelyn de Souza, Data Privacy and Compliance Strategy Leader at Cisco Systems; Seema Jethani, Director of Product Management at Basho Technologies; Victoria Livschitz, CEO of Qubell Inc.; Anne Hungate, Senior Director of Software Quality at DIRECTV, discussed what path they took to find their spot within the technology industry and how do they see opportunities for other women in their area of expertise.
DevOps Summit 2015 New York, co-located with the 16th International Cloud Expo - to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY - announces that it is now accepting Keynote Proposals. The widespread success of cloud computing is driving the DevOps revolution in enterprise IT. Now as never before, development teams must communicate and collaborate in a dynamic, 24/7/365 environment. There is no time to wait for long development cycles that produce software that is obsolete at launch. DevOps may be disruptive, but it is essential.
The Industrial Internet revolution is now underway, enabled by connected machines and billions of devices that communicate and collaborate. The massive amounts of Big Data requiring real-time analysis is flooding legacy IT systems and giving way to cloud environments that can handle the unpredictable workloads. Yet many barriers remain until we can fully realize the opportunities and benefits from the convergence of machines and devices with Big Data and the cloud, including interoperability, data security and privacy.
Wearable devices have come of age. The primary applications of wearables so far have been "the Quantified Self" or the tracking of one's fitness and health status. We propose the evolution of wearables into social and emotional communication devices. Our BE(tm) sensor uses light to visualize the skin conductance response. Our sensors are very inexpensive and can be massively distributed to audiences or groups of any size, in order to gauge reactions to performances, video, or any kind of presentation. In her session at @ThingsExpo, Jocelyn Scheirer, CEO & Founder of Bionolux, will discuss ho...
The 3rd International Internet of @ThingsExpo, co-located with the 16th International Cloud Expo - to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY - announces that its Call for Papers is now open. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the biggest idea since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago.
Connected devices and the Internet of Things are getting significant momentum in 2014. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Jim Hunter, Chief Scientist & Technology Evangelist at Greenwave Systems, examined three key elements that together will drive mass adoption of the IoT before the end of 2015. The first element is the recent advent of robust open source protocols (like AllJoyn and WebRTC) that facilitate M2M communication. The second is broad availability of flexible, cost-effective storage designed to handle the massive surge in back-end data in a world where timely analytics is e...

ARMONK, N.Y., Nov. 20, 2014 /PRNewswire/ --  IBM (NYSE: IBM) today announced that it is bringing a greater level of control, security and flexibility to cloud-based application development and delivery with a single-tenant version of Bluemix, IBM's platform-as-a-service. The new platform enables developers to build ap...

Building low-cost wearable devices can enhance the quality of our lives. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Sai Yamanoor, Embedded Software Engineer at Altschool, provided an example of putting together a small keychain within a $50 budget that educates the user about the air quality in their surroundings. He also provided examples such as building a wearable device that provides transit or recreational information. He then reviewed the resources available to build wearable devices at home including open source hardware, the raw materials required and the options available to power s...
The Internet of Things promises to transform businesses (and lives), but navigating the business and technical path to success can be difficult to understand. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Sean Lorenz, Technical Product Manager for Xively at LogMeIn, demonstrated how to approach creating broadly successful connected customer solutions using real world business transformation studies including New England BioLabs and more.
Since 2008 and for the first time in history, more than half of humans live in urban areas, urging cities to become “smart.” Today, cities can leverage the wide availability of smartphones combined with new technologies such as Beacons or NFC to connect their urban furniture and environment to create citizen-first services that improve transportation, way-finding and information delivery. In her session at @ThingsExpo, Laetitia Gazel-Anthoine, CEO of Connecthings, will focus on successful use cases.
Enthusiasm for the Internet of Things has reached an all-time high. In 2013 alone, venture capitalists spent more than $1 billion dollars investing in the IoT space. With "smart" appliances and devices, IoT covers wearable smart devices, cloud services to hardware companies. Nest, a Google company, detects temperatures inside homes and automatically adjusts it by tracking its user's habit. These technologies are quickly developing and with it come challenges such as bridging infrastructure gaps, abiding by privacy concerns and making the concept a reality. These challenges can't be addressed w...
The Domain Name Service (DNS) is one of the most important components in networking infrastructure, enabling users and services to access applications by translating URLs (names) into IP addresses (numbers). Because every icon and URL and all embedded content on a website requires a DNS lookup loading complex sites necessitates hundreds of DNS queries. In addition, as more internet-enabled ‘Things' get connected, people will rely on DNS to name and find their fridges, toasters and toilets. According to a recent IDG Research Services Survey this rate of traffic will only grow. What's driving t...
The Internet of Things is a misnomer. That implies that everything is on the Internet, and that simply should not be - especially for things that are blurring the line between medical devices that stimulate like a pacemaker and quantified self-sensors like a pedometer or pulse tracker. The mesh of things that we manage must be segmented into zones of trust for sensing data, transmitting data, receiving command and control administrative changes, and peer-to-peer mesh messaging. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Ryan Bagnulo, Solution Architect / Software Engineer at SOA Software, focused on desi...
"For over 25 years we have been working with a lot of enterprise customers and we have seen how companies create applications. And now that we have moved to cloud computing, mobile, social and the Internet of Things, we see that the market needs a new way of creating applications," stated Jesse Shiah, CEO, President and Co-Founder of AgilePoint Inc., in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 15th Cloud Expo, held Nov 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
The Internet of Things is tied together with a thin strand that is known as time. Coincidentally, at the core of nearly all data analytics is a timestamp. When working with time series data there are a few core principles that everyone should consider, especially across datasets where time is the common boundary. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Jim Scott, Director of Enterprise Strategy & Architecture at MapR Technologies, discussed single-value, geo-spatial, and log time series data. By focusing on enterprise applications and the data center, he will use OpenTSDB as an example t...
The industrial software market has treated data with the mentality of “collect everything now, worry about how to use it later.” We now find ourselves buried in data, with the pervasive connectivity of the (Industrial) Internet of Things only piling on more numbers. There’s too much data and not enough information. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Bob Gates, Global Marketing Director, GE’s Intelligent Platforms business, to discuss how realizing the power of IoT, software developers are now focused on understanding how industrial data can create intelligence for industrial operations. Imagine ...