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Agile Computing Authors: Liz McMillan, Pat Romanski, Elizabeth White, Dana Gardner, Andy Thurai

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Hacking the Autonomous Vehicle | @ExpoDX #AI #IoT #IIoT #M2M #Sensors #DigitalTransformation

Will smart mechanics hack the life-and-death decisions pre-programmed into an autonomous vehicle?

I love it when I get feedback from a blog that I’ve written. I appreciate the different perspectives and insights that others bring to a topic of interest. And no blog that I’ve written has drawn more comments than my blog, “Isaac Asimov: The 4th Law of Robotics.”

The section of the blog that fueled the most comments stem from a scene in the movie I, Robot where Detective Spooner (played by Will Smith) is explaining to Doctor Calvin (who is responsible for giving robots human-like behaviors) why he distrusts and hates robots. He is describing an incident where his police car crashed into another car and both cars were thrown into a cold and deep river – certain death for all occupants. However, a robot jumps into the water and decides to save Detective Spooner over a 10-year old girl (Sarah) who was in the other car. Here is the dialogue between Detective Spooner and Doctor Calvin about the robot’s “decision” to save Detective Spooner instead of the girl:

Doctor Calvin: “The robot’s brain is a difference engine. It’s reading vital signs and it must have calculated that…”

Spooner: “It did…I was the logical choice to save. It calculated that I had 45% chance of survival. Sarah had only an 11% chance. She was somebody’s baby. 11% is more than enough. A human being would have known that.”

One of the readers, Warren, shared an MIT site (http://moralmachine.mit.edu/) that allows one to compare their answers to others around various autonomous vehicle life-and-death situations. Some of the scenarios are fairly straightforward…unless you’re a cat lover (see Figure 1):

Figure 1: Kills Cats or Little Old Ladies?

However, the scenarios get increasingly more complex (see Figure 2).

Figure 2: Kill 5 Passengers in the Car or 5 Pedestrians?

Another reader, Swen, provided an interesting perspective about the potential insurance ramifications related to the “life-and-death” analytic models pre-programmed into the autonomous vehicle:

“But, there is another, very important party involved which has not been mentioned before. It is the very powerful insurance companies. Based on a general “zero law” they will have a very decisive impact on what will be and what not. They will only insure you and the damage you make if you have driving software version “XYZ” that complies with their regulations. Else you will not get insured.”

Hacking the Autonomous Vehicle
Maybe my favorite perspective came from Patrick Henz (@Patrick_Henz), who shared with me the article “Compliance Tasks Related to Self Driving Technology.” The article poses another challenge facing the autonomous vehicle industry hacking of the “life-and-death” analytic models:

“Today chip-tuning is already used to change the management of the engine and find additional horsepower. This is in most cases legal, but liberates the car manufacturer from its guarantee. When self-driving cars are a relevant market, it is a question of time, when programmers will offer software to ensure a higher safety for their owners, programmed preference for the passenger against the pedestrians.”

In the same way that there are after-markets for computer chips that override the engine performance settings that come with the automobile out of the factory, will there evolve an after-market for technicians who can “hack” the life-and-death settings that are pre-programmed into an autonomous vehicle?

We are already seeing situations where customers are resorting to “hacking” their vehicles. Farmers are hacking their John Deere tractor’s firmware (“Farmers Are Hacking Their Tractors So They Can Actually Fix Them”) in order to perform their own maintenance repairs on their John Deere tractors. Farmers are struggling with the John Deere software license that only allows Deere dealers and “authorized” shops to perform maintenance repairs on tractors.

According to some farmers, John Deere “charges out the wazoo” for repairs. Plus “authorized” mechanics might not arrive to fix a broken tractor in a timely manner, which can affect a farmer’s operations and eventually, their finances.

Summary
Will smart mechanics hack the life-and-death decisions pre-programmed into an autonomous vehicle? Or maybe there’ll be a “Death Selector” user setting in the autonomous vehicle preferences (see Figure 3).

Figure 3: Autonomous Vehicle User Settings

On September 6th, the United States House of Representatives voted to speed the introduction of self-driving cars (“House Passes Bill to Speed Deployment of Self-Driving Cars”) by giving the federal government authority to exempt automakers from safety standards not applicable to the technology.

I’m not sure how this will end, but I’m certain that this is not an issue that should be decided by technology companies. And now I have concerns about the federal government’s ability to address this issue, given how quick they were to obfuscate the automakers from any safety liabilities associated with an autonomous vehicle.

However, I also know that I don’t want “machines” making these decisions themselves. Machines don’t fear death, and I’m not certain how to program an autonomous vehicle operating system that fully appreciates the moral consequences and ramifications of death.

The post Hacking the Autonomous Vehicle appeared first on InFocus Blog | Dell EMC Services.


DXWorldEXPO LLC, the producer of the world's most influential technology conferences and trade shows has announced the conference tracks for CloudEXPO | DXWorldEXPO 2018 New York.

DXWordEXPO New York 2018, colocated with CloudEXPO New York 2018 will be held November 11-13, 2018, in New York City.

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  • The API Enterprise | Mobility | Security
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DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO 2018 New York cover all of these tools, with the most comprehensive program and with 222 rockstar speakers throughout our industry presenting 22 Keynotes and General Sessions, 200 Breakout Sessions along 10 Tracks, as well as our signature Power Panels. Our Expo Floor brings together the world's leading companies throughout the world of Cloud Computing, DevOps, FinTech, Digital Transformation, and all they entail.

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Financial enterprises in New York City, London, Singapore, and other world financial capitals are embracing a new generation of smart, automated FinTech that eliminates many cumbersome, slow, and expensive intermediate processes from their businesses.

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which will incorporate FinTech and Blockchain, as well as machine learning, artificial intelligence and deep learning in these two distinct tracks.

Register for Full Conference "Gold Pass" ▸ Here (Expo Hall ▸ Here)

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DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO are accepting speaking submissions for this new track, so please visit Cloud Computing Expo for the latest information or contact us at [email protected]

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Only DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO bring together all this in a single location:

Attend DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO. Build your own custom experience. Learn about the world's latest technologies and chart your course to Digital Transformation.

22nd International DXWorldEXPO | CloudEXPO, taking place November 11-13, 2018, in New York City, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world.

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Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterprises are using some form of XaaS - software, platform, and infrastructure as a service.

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Companies are each developing their unique mix of cloud technologies and services, forming multi-cloud and hybrid cloud architectures and deployments across all major industries. Cloud-driven thinking has become the norm in financial services, manufacturing, telco, healthcare, transportation, energy, media, entertainment, retail and other consumer industries, and the public sector.

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About DXWorldEXPO LLC

DXWorldEXPO LLC is a Lighthouse Point, Florida-based trade show company and the creator of DXWorldEXPODigital Transformation Conference & Expo. The company produces and presents CloudEXPO, DevOpsSummitFinTechEXPO Blockchain Event, the world's most influential conferences and trade shows.

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Previously, as a CTO within Dell EMC’s 2,000+ person consulting organization, he works with organizations to identify where and how to start their big data journeys. He’s written white papers, is an avid blogger and is a frequent speaker on the use of Big Data and data science to power an organization’s key business initiatives. He is a University of San Francisco School of Management (SOM) Executive Fellow where he teaches the “Big Data MBA” course. Bill also just completed a research paper on “Determining The Economic Value of Data”. Onalytica recently ranked Bill as #4 Big Data Influencer worldwide.

Bill has over three decades of experience in data warehousing, BI and analytics. Bill authored the Vision Workshop methodology that links an organization’s strategic business initiatives with their supporting data and analytic requirements. Bill serves on the City of San Jose’s Technology Innovation Board, and on the faculties of The Data Warehouse Institute and Strata.

Previously, Bill was vice president of Analytics at Yahoo where he was responsible for the development of Yahoo’s Advertiser and Website analytics products, including the delivery of “actionable insights” through a holistic user experience. Before that, Bill oversaw the Analytic Applications business unit at Business Objects, including the development, marketing and sales of their industry-defining analytic applications.

Bill holds a Masters Business Administration from University of Iowa and a Bachelor of Science degree in Mathematics, Computer Science and Business Administration from Coe College.

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