Welcome!

Agile Computing Authors: Elizabeth White, Yeshim Deniz, Pat Romanski, ManageEngine IT Matters, Liz McMillan

News Feed Item

Measuring Outcomes In Facial Rejuvenation No Longer Exclusively Subjective

Doctors Present Objective Measures and Methods to Determine Patient Outcomes and Satisfaction at the Annual Aesthetic Meeting

SAN FRANCISCO, April 26, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A panel of plastic surgeons at the annual Aesthetic Meeting in San Francisco of the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS), today presented  a variety of measures and methodologies to better gauge patient outcomes and satisfaction in a more objective manner than ever before realized. In an effort to steer-clear of opinion or subjective evaluations, plastic surgeons have come together to identify practical and logical means to evaluate the more objective results of various facial rejuvenation procedures.

The American Society For Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Inc.

"It almost goes without saying that beauty, being in the eye of the beholder, has always been a matter of preference and opinion," states Al Aly, MD. "But as a group of surgeons who strive to achieve optimal results and continually search to improve patient outcomes and satisfaction, we had to ask ourselves why we couldn't come up with some means of measuring the results of facial rejuvenation procedures objectively," he continued.

The doctors have examined patient satisfaction in a fairly simple manner for years -- Is the patient happy with their results, or not? Is the surgeon happy with what they were able to provide to their patient and were they happy with their own results? While all of this information is important, it is entirely subjective and the bigger question remains: Can surgeons evaluate their results based on more objective measures of attractiveness?

When you factor in personal preference and perception you create another obstacle in terms of finding a less subjective means to evaluating outcomes. Not every plastic surgeon would agree on other surgeon's results. One might find something attractive whereas another would feel they could've done a better job – so who is to say? Both surgeons could recognize change – but determining whether it is positive change is another issue.

This raises the question of how humans determine attractiveness. Until recently, plastic surgeons had very little information on this subject and have looked to evolutionary psychology as guidance. Plastic surgeons have discovered that humans are, for the most part, Koinophiles. Koinophilia, a term first used by biologist Johan Koeslag, refers to sexual creatures who, when seeking a mate, have a preference for those who do not have any unusual, peculiar or deviant features. In essence, humans, as sexual creatures prefer the common – the average. That is, for them, what defines attractiveness. When you examine the specific physical facial characteristics of certain individuals and evaluate the distance between someone's eyes or their lip-to-nose ratio for example, you will find that those who the majority of people deem attractive fall into the middle in terms of measurements.

Further, we are all what can be classified as cognitive averagers. We, on a daily basis, take in other people's faces. We see them on television, in the street, at work – and what we haven't fully recognized is that our brains are wired to constantly re-assess our perception of beauty based on the overall average of what we see every day. "This is among the reasons why fashions change and trends change. It is the work of our cumulative cognitive averaging that ultimately creates the next definition of attractiveness. It is ever-changing, but it is almost always based on averaging," explained Dr. Aly.  

Dr. Aly has been examining his own patients and their results for quite some time and has discovered that while there may be an obvious difference between pre-and post-op, change didn't always necessarily translate to improvement. This in and of itself requires doctors to carefully consider what is perceived as 'normal' on average and therefore most attractive. Are doctors merely creating change, or are they creating what can be defined, (either subjectively or objectively), as attractive?

The panelists agree. There is clearly a paradigm shift taking place respecting how to evaluate patient outcomes in facial rejuvenation.

James Grotting, MD, has been utilizing a new tool in his own practice to assess the outcomes of facial aesthetic surgery, in an effort to continually improve what he is doing and the results both he and his patients see.  Andrea Pusic, MD, Associate Professor at Cornell University created a questionnaire/survey tool, the "Face-Q", to enable surgeons to better understand the impact facial aesthetic treatments may have on a patient's quality of life. To date, more than 1,000 Face-Q questionnaires have been completed, and Face-Q is available to any surgeons who wish to use it. 

Dr. Grotting today presented his findings from the results of a 250-facelift patient satisfaction survey along with a study of nearly 50 of his patients utilizing the Face-Q survey. Findings revealed that patients are not only satisfied, but that their quality of life improves. A patient's social confidence and psychological well-being improves post-op, including the manners by which they interact with the world and how they feel about themselves. Grotting asked his own patients who participated how much younger they felt they looked and how long they felt their results lasted, one year post-op.

"The Face-Q is a welcome addition to my practice," explained Dr. Grotting. "It is targeted and the questions are relevant to particular patients, procedures and surgeons and can be used by researchers and clinicians. It is a benefit and a service to the plastic surgery community," he continued.  "From using Dr. Pusic's tool, I have learned things about my own procedures that I would not necessarily have noticed otherwise. I have learned things about my patients including their social function and how they feel in relationships with friends and family – all of which are tied into their surgical outcomes," Grotting explained.

Foad Nahai, MD, moderator of the panel explained, "We have always felt that objective evaluation was probably an elusive goal and that ultimately, success was measured by the patient - but now there are measures to determine if a procedure met the patient's expectations. Did it change their outlook?  Did it change the areas they were concerned about? As the subspecialty of aesthetic plastic surgery evolves, we are developing key analyses and tools to improve outcomes in novel ways."

About ASAPS
The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS), is recognized as the world's leading organization devoted entirely to aesthetic plastic surgery and cosmetic medicine of the face and body.  ASAPS is comprised of over 2,600 Plastic Surgeons; Active Members are certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery (USA) or by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and have extensive training in the complete spectrum of surgical and non-surgical aesthetic procedures. International Active Members are certified by equivalent boards of their respective countries. All members worldwide adhere to a strict Code of Ethics and must meet stringent membership requirements.

Website: www.surgery.org
Follow ASAPS on Twitter: www.twitter.com/ASAPS
Become a fan of ASAPS on Facebook: www.facebook.com/AestheticSociety
Locate a plastic surgeon in your area: http://www.smartbeautyguide.com/select-surgeon

Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140226/DC72077LOGO

SOURCE American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

More Stories By PR Newswire

Copyright © 2007 PR Newswire. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of PRNewswire content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of PRNewswire. PRNewswire shall not be liable for any errors or delays in the content, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon.

@ThingsExpo Stories
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place October 31 - November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 21st Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal and enterprise IT since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago. All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devic...
"The Striim platform is a full end-to-end streaming integration and analytics platform that is middleware that covers a lot of different use cases," explained Steve Wilkes, Founder and CTO at Striim, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 20th Cloud Expo, held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Calligo, an innovative cloud service provider offering mid-sized companies the highest levels of data privacy and security, has been named "Bronze Sponsor" of SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo ®, which will take place on Oct 31 - Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Calligo offers unparalleled application performance guarantees, commercial flexibility and a personalised support service from its globally located cloud plat...
SYS-CON Events announced today that DXWorldExpo has been named “Global Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo, which will take place on Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Digital Transformation is the key issue driving the global enterprise IT business. Digital Transformation is most prominent among Global 2000 enterprises and government institutions.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Datera, that offers a radically new data management architecture, has been named "Exhibitor" of SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo ®, which will take place on Oct 31 - Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Datera is transforming the traditional datacenter model through modern cloud simplicity. The technology industry is at another major inflection point. The rise of mobile, the Internet of Things, data storage and Big...
"We provide IoT solutions. We provide the most compatible solutions for many applications. Our solutions are industry agnostic and also protocol agnostic," explained Richard Han, Head of Sales and Marketing and Engineering at Systena America, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
"We've been engaging with a lot of customers including Panasonic, we've been involved with Cisco and now we're working with the U.S. government - the Department of Homeland Security," explained Peter Jung, Chief Product Officer at Pulzze Systems, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
"We are focused on SAP running in the clouds, to make this super easy because we believe in the tremendous value of those powerful worlds - SAP and the cloud," explained Frank Stienhans, CTO of Ocean9, Inc., in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 20th Cloud Expo, held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
DX World EXPO, LLC., a Lighthouse Point, Florida-based startup trade show producer and the creator of "DXWorldEXPO® - Digital Transformation Conference & Expo" has announced its executive management team. The team is headed by Levent Selamoglu, who has been named CEO. "Now is the time for a truly global DX event, to bring together the leading minds from the technology world in a conversation about Digital Transformation," he said in making the announcement.
"MobiDev is a Ukraine-based software development company. We do mobile development, and we're specialists in that. But we do full stack software development for entrepreneurs, for emerging companies, and for enterprise ventures," explained Alan Winters, U.S. Head of Business Development at MobiDev, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 20th Cloud Expo, held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
While the focus and objectives of IoT initiatives are many and diverse, they all share a few common attributes, and one of those is the network. Commonly, that network includes the Internet, over which there isn't any real control for performance and availability. Or is there? The current state of the art for Big Data analytics, as applied to network telemetry, offers new opportunities for improving and assuring operational integrity. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jim Frey, Vice President of S...
SYS-CON Events announced today that DXWorldExpo has been named “Global Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo, which will take place on Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Digital Transformation is the key issue driving the global enterprise IT business. Digital Transformation is most prominent among Global 2000 enterprises and government institutions.
In his opening keynote at 20th Cloud Expo, Michael Maximilien, Research Scientist, Architect, and Engineer at IBM, discussed the full potential of the cloud and social data requires artificial intelligence. By mixing Cloud Foundry and the rich set of Watson services, IBM's Bluemix is the best cloud operating system for enterprises today, providing rapid development and deployment of applications that can take advantage of the rich catalog of Watson services to help drive insights from the vast t...
SYS-CON Events announced today that EnterpriseTech has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo, which will take place on Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. EnterpriseTech is a professional resource for news and intelligence covering the migration of high-end technologies into the enterprise and business-IT industry, with a special focus on high-tech solutions in new product development, workload management, increased effic...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Massive Networks, that helps your business operate seamlessly with fast, reliable, and secure internet and network solutions, has been named "Exhibitor" of SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo ®, which will take place on Oct 31 - Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. As a premier telecommunications provider, Massive Networks is headquartered out of Louisville, Colorado. With years of experience under their belt, their team of...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Cloud Academy named "Bronze Sponsor" of 21st International Cloud Expo which will take place October 31 - November 2, 2017 at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Cloud Academy is the industry’s most innovative, vendor-neutral cloud technology training platform. Cloud Academy provides continuous learning solutions for individuals and enterprise teams for Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform, and the most popular cloud com...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Cloudistics, an on-premises cloud computing company, has been named “Bronze Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo, which will take place on Oct 31 - Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Cloudistics delivers a complete public cloud experience with composable on-premises infrastructures to medium and large enterprises. Its software-defined technology natively converges network, storage, compute, virtualization, and ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that CHEETAH Training & Innovation will exhibit at SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on Oct. 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. CHEETAH Training & Innovation is a cloud consulting and IT training firm specializing in improving clients cloud strategies and infrastructures for medium to large companies.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Datanami has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo, which will take place on Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Datanami is a communication channel dedicated to providing insight, analysis and up-to-the-minute information about emerging trends and solutions in Big Data. The publication sheds light on all cutting-edge technologies including networking, storage and applications, and thei...
The current age of digital transformation means that IT organizations must adapt their toolset to cover all digital experiences, beyond just the end users’. Today’s businesses can no longer focus solely on the digital interactions they manage with employees or customers; they must now contend with non-traditional factors. Whether it's the power of brand to make or break a company, the need to monitor across all locations 24/7, or the ability to proactively resolve issues, companies must adapt to...