Welcome!

Agile Computing Authors: Sematext Blog, Richard Hale, Gregor Petri, Moshe Kranc, Liz McMillan

News Feed Item

Measuring Outcomes In Facial Rejuvenation No Longer Exclusively Subjective

Doctors Present Objective Measures and Methods to Determine Patient Outcomes and Satisfaction at the Annual Aesthetic Meeting

SAN FRANCISCO, April 26, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A panel of plastic surgeons at the annual Aesthetic Meeting in San Francisco of the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS), today presented  a variety of measures and methodologies to better gauge patient outcomes and satisfaction in a more objective manner than ever before realized. In an effort to steer-clear of opinion or subjective evaluations, plastic surgeons have come together to identify practical and logical means to evaluate the more objective results of various facial rejuvenation procedures.

The American Society For Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, Inc.

"It almost goes without saying that beauty, being in the eye of the beholder, has always been a matter of preference and opinion," states Al Aly, MD. "But as a group of surgeons who strive to achieve optimal results and continually search to improve patient outcomes and satisfaction, we had to ask ourselves why we couldn't come up with some means of measuring the results of facial rejuvenation procedures objectively," he continued.

The doctors have examined patient satisfaction in a fairly simple manner for years -- Is the patient happy with their results, or not? Is the surgeon happy with what they were able to provide to their patient and were they happy with their own results? While all of this information is important, it is entirely subjective and the bigger question remains: Can surgeons evaluate their results based on more objective measures of attractiveness?

When you factor in personal preference and perception you create another obstacle in terms of finding a less subjective means to evaluating outcomes. Not every plastic surgeon would agree on other surgeon's results. One might find something attractive whereas another would feel they could've done a better job – so who is to say? Both surgeons could recognize change – but determining whether it is positive change is another issue.

This raises the question of how humans determine attractiveness. Until recently, plastic surgeons had very little information on this subject and have looked to evolutionary psychology as guidance. Plastic surgeons have discovered that humans are, for the most part, Koinophiles. Koinophilia, a term first used by biologist Johan Koeslag, refers to sexual creatures who, when seeking a mate, have a preference for those who do not have any unusual, peculiar or deviant features. In essence, humans, as sexual creatures prefer the common – the average. That is, for them, what defines attractiveness. When you examine the specific physical facial characteristics of certain individuals and evaluate the distance between someone's eyes or their lip-to-nose ratio for example, you will find that those who the majority of people deem attractive fall into the middle in terms of measurements.

Further, we are all what can be classified as cognitive averagers. We, on a daily basis, take in other people's faces. We see them on television, in the street, at work – and what we haven't fully recognized is that our brains are wired to constantly re-assess our perception of beauty based on the overall average of what we see every day. "This is among the reasons why fashions change and trends change. It is the work of our cumulative cognitive averaging that ultimately creates the next definition of attractiveness. It is ever-changing, but it is almost always based on averaging," explained Dr. Aly.  

Dr. Aly has been examining his own patients and their results for quite some time and has discovered that while there may be an obvious difference between pre-and post-op, change didn't always necessarily translate to improvement. This in and of itself requires doctors to carefully consider what is perceived as 'normal' on average and therefore most attractive. Are doctors merely creating change, or are they creating what can be defined, (either subjectively or objectively), as attractive?

The panelists agree. There is clearly a paradigm shift taking place respecting how to evaluate patient outcomes in facial rejuvenation.

James Grotting, MD, has been utilizing a new tool in his own practice to assess the outcomes of facial aesthetic surgery, in an effort to continually improve what he is doing and the results both he and his patients see.  Andrea Pusic, MD, Associate Professor at Cornell University created a questionnaire/survey tool, the "Face-Q", to enable surgeons to better understand the impact facial aesthetic treatments may have on a patient's quality of life. To date, more than 1,000 Face-Q questionnaires have been completed, and Face-Q is available to any surgeons who wish to use it. 

Dr. Grotting today presented his findings from the results of a 250-facelift patient satisfaction survey along with a study of nearly 50 of his patients utilizing the Face-Q survey. Findings revealed that patients are not only satisfied, but that their quality of life improves. A patient's social confidence and psychological well-being improves post-op, including the manners by which they interact with the world and how they feel about themselves. Grotting asked his own patients who participated how much younger they felt they looked and how long they felt their results lasted, one year post-op.

"The Face-Q is a welcome addition to my practice," explained Dr. Grotting. "It is targeted and the questions are relevant to particular patients, procedures and surgeons and can be used by researchers and clinicians. It is a benefit and a service to the plastic surgery community," he continued.  "From using Dr. Pusic's tool, I have learned things about my own procedures that I would not necessarily have noticed otherwise. I have learned things about my patients including their social function and how they feel in relationships with friends and family – all of which are tied into their surgical outcomes," Grotting explained.

Foad Nahai, MD, moderator of the panel explained, "We have always felt that objective evaluation was probably an elusive goal and that ultimately, success was measured by the patient - but now there are measures to determine if a procedure met the patient's expectations. Did it change their outlook?  Did it change the areas they were concerned about? As the subspecialty of aesthetic plastic surgery evolves, we are developing key analyses and tools to improve outcomes in novel ways."

About ASAPS
The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS), is recognized as the world's leading organization devoted entirely to aesthetic plastic surgery and cosmetic medicine of the face and body.  ASAPS is comprised of over 2,600 Plastic Surgeons; Active Members are certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery (USA) or by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and have extensive training in the complete spectrum of surgical and non-surgical aesthetic procedures. International Active Members are certified by equivalent boards of their respective countries. All members worldwide adhere to a strict Code of Ethics and must meet stringent membership requirements.

Website: www.surgery.org
Follow ASAPS on Twitter: www.twitter.com/ASAPS
Become a fan of ASAPS on Facebook: www.facebook.com/AestheticSociety
Locate a plastic surgeon in your area: http://www.smartbeautyguide.com/select-surgeon

Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140226/DC72077LOGO

SOURCE American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

More Stories By PR Newswire

Copyright © 2007 PR Newswire. All rights reserved. Republication or redistribution of PRNewswire content is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of PRNewswire. PRNewswire shall not be liable for any errors or delays in the content, or for any actions taken in reliance thereon.

@ThingsExpo Stories
Amazon has gradually rolled out parts of its IoT offerings in the last year, but these are just the tip of the iceberg. In addition to optimizing their back-end AWS offerings, Amazon is laying the ground work to be a major force in IoT – especially in the connected home and office. Amazon is extending its reach by building on its dominant Cloud IoT platform, its Dash Button strategy, recently announced Replenishment Services, the Echo/Alexa voice recognition control platform, the 6-7 strategic...
The best-practices for building IoT applications with Go Code that attendees can use to build their own IoT applications. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Indraneel Mitra, Senior Solutions Architect & Technology Evangelist at Cognizant, provided valuable information and resources for both novice and experienced developers on how to get started with IoT and Golang in a day. He also provided information on how to use Intel Arduino Kit, Go Robotics API and AWS IoT stack to build an application tha...
IoT generates lots of temporal data. But how do you unlock its value? You need to discover patterns that are repeatable in vast quantities of data, understand their meaning, and implement scalable monitoring across multiple data streams in order to monetize the discoveries and insights. Motif discovery and deep learning platforms are emerging to visualize sensor data, to search for patterns and to build application that can monitor real time streams efficiently. In his session at @ThingsExpo, ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that LeaseWeb USA, a cloud Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) provider, will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. LeaseWeb is one of the world's largest hosting brands. The company helps customers define, develop and deploy IT infrastructure tailored to their exact business needs, by combining various kinds cloud solutions.
SYS-CON Events announced today that 910Telecom will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Housed in the classic Denver Gas & Electric Building, 910 15th St., 910Telecom is a carrier-neutral telecom hotel located in the heart of Denver. Adjacent to CenturyLink, AT&T, and Denver Main, 910Telecom offers connectivity to all major carriers, Internet service providers, Internet backbones and ...
Big Data, cloud, analytics, contextual information, wearable tech, sensors, mobility, and WebRTC: together, these advances have created a perfect storm of technologies that are disrupting and transforming classic communications models and ecosystems. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Erik Perotti, Senior Manager of New Ventures on Plantronics’ Innovation team, provided an overview of this technological shift, including associated business and consumer communications impacts, and opportunities it ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Venafi, the Immune System for the Internet™ and the leading provider of Next Generation Trust Protection, will exhibit at @DevOpsSummit at 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Venafi is the Immune System for the Internet™ that protects the foundation of all cybersecurity – cryptographic keys and digital certificates – so they can’t be misused by bad guys in attacks...
It’s 2016: buildings are smart, connected and the IoT is fundamentally altering how control and operating systems work and speak to each other. Platforms across the enterprise are networked via inexpensive sensors to collect massive amounts of data for analytics, information management, and insights that can be used to continuously improve operations. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Brian Chemel, Co-Founder and CTO of Digital Lumens, will explore: The benefits sensor-networked systems bring to ...
Manufacturers are embracing the Industrial Internet the same way consumers are leveraging Fitbits – to improve overall health and wellness. Both can provide consistent measurement, visibility, and suggest performance improvements customized to help reach goals. Fitbit users can view real-time data and make adjustments to increase their activity. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mark Bernardo Professional Services Leader, Americas, at GE Digital, discussed how leveraging the Industrial Internet a...
There will be new vendors providing applications, middleware, and connected devices to support the thriving IoT ecosystem. This essentially means that electronic device manufacturers will also be in the software business. Many will be new to building embedded software or robust software. This creates an increased importance on software quality, particularly within the Industrial Internet of Things where business-critical applications are becoming dependent on products controlled by software. Qua...
In addition to all the benefits, IoT is also bringing new kind of customer experience challenges - cars that unlock themselves, thermostats turning houses into saunas and baby video monitors broadcasting over the internet. This list can only increase because while IoT services should be intuitive and simple to use, the delivery ecosystem is a myriad of potential problems as IoT explodes complexity. So finding a performance issue is like finding the proverbial needle in the haystack.
The 19th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo, to be held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, brings together Cloud Computing, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Digital Transformation, Microservices and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportuni...
Large scale deployments present unique planning challenges, system commissioning hurdles between IT and OT and demand careful system hand-off orchestration. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jeff Smith, Senior Director and a founding member of Incenergy, will discuss some of the key tactics to ensure delivery success based on his experience of the last two years deploying Industrial IoT systems across four continents.
The Internet of Things will challenge the status quo of how IT and development organizations operate. Or will it? Certainly the fog layer of IoT requires special insights about data ontology, security and transactional integrity. But the developmental challenges are the same: People, Process and Platform. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Craig Sproule, CEO of Metavine, demonstrated how to move beyond today's coding paradigm and shared the must-have mindsets for removing complexity from the develo...
SYS-CON Events announced today that MangoApps will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MangoApps provides modern company intranets and team collaboration software, allowing workers to stay connected and productive from anywhere in the world and from any device.
IoT is rapidly changing the way enterprises are using data to improve business decision-making. In order to derive business value, organizations must unlock insights from the data gathered and then act on these. In their session at @ThingsExpo, Eric Hoffman, Vice President at EastBanc Technologies, and Peter Shashkin, Head of Development Department at EastBanc Technologies, discussed how one organization leveraged IoT, cloud technology and data analysis to improve customer experiences and effi...
The IETF draft standard for M2M certificates is a security solution specifically designed for the demanding needs of IoT/M2M applications. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Brian Romansky, VP of Strategic Technology at TrustPoint Innovation, explained how M2M certificates can efficiently enable confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity on highly constrained devices.
In today's uber-connected, consumer-centric, cloud-enabled, insights-driven, multi-device, global world, the focus of solutions has shifted from the product that is sold to the person who is buying the product or service. Enterprises have rebranded their business around the consumers of their products. The buyer is the person and the focus is not on the offering. The person is connected through multiple devices, wearables, at home, on the road, and in multiple locations, sometimes simultaneously...
“delaPlex Software provides software outsourcing services. We have a hybrid model where we have onshore developers and project managers that we can place anywhere in the U.S. or in Europe,” explained Manish Sachdeva, CEO at delaPlex Software, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
"We've discovered that after shows 80% if leads that people get, 80% of the conversations end up on the show floor, meaning people forget about it, people forget who they talk to, people forget that there are actual business opportunities to be had here so we try to help out and keep the conversations going," explained Jeff Mesnik, Founder and President of ContentMX, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.