Welcome!

Agile Computing Authors: Jonathan Fries, Scott Allen, Igor Drobiazko, William Schmarzo, John Esposito

Related Topics: @CloudExpo, Microservices Expo, Containers Expo Blog, Agile Computing, @BigDataExpo, SDN Journal, OpenStack Journal

@CloudExpo: Article

Scalability – The New Buzzword for Cloud Computing

An exclusive Q&A with Barbara P. Aichinger, co-founder of FuturePlus Systems and VP of New Business Development

"I think SMAC will continue to grow and mature and the demand for more sophisticated data like streaming videos and online television will be a real game changer," stated Barbara P. Aichinger, co-founder of FuturePlus Systems and VP of New Business Development, in this exclusive Q&A with Cloud Expo Conference Chair. "Analytics is also very important and will become part of "Big Data," meaning the data pulled and pushed to and from the cloud will have an analytic associated with it."

Cloud Computing Journal: The move to cloud isn't about saving money, it is about saving time - agree or disagree?

Barbara P. Aichinger: It's about saving time and money but it can be scary. As someone who really understands how the hardware works and, more important, how it doesn't work I can understand the apprehension. The cloud needs standards especially in the quality and reliability area so that folks know their data is safe.

Cloud Computing Journal: How should organizations tackle their regulatory and compliance concerns in the cloud? Who should they be asking/trusting for advice?

Aichinger: I see two pieces here - first is the actual hardware, networking and the physical building that the machines are in. The second is all the layered products and software. My company is on the hardware side so I can speak to that. We make validation tools used by the designers of cloud servers. We see cost pressures causing hardware vendors to take short cuts on system validation. This can then show up in the data center as "ghost errors," i.e., memory errors that just happen once in a while but over time cause system outages.

The industry does not have standards for memory subsystem compliance. What has happened is that the industry has created tools to test the memory subsystem for compliance to the JEDEC memory specification. This is different from an actual compliance program. It's basically voluntary. If you are a good vendor, you use the right equipment to make sure your servers are compliant. The problem is many vendors do not, and since the end user has no idea about memory standards, they never ask what type of compliance testing is being done. IT managers should insist on seeing the validation reports for the servers they buy. System integrators who package up various hardware pieces and sell them as a complete server should also take a good hard look at what memory subsystem compliance testing has been done.

Cloud Computing Journal: What does the emergence of open source clouds mean for the cloud ecosystem? How does the existence of OpenStack, CloudStack, OpenNebula, Eucalyptus and so on affect your own company?

Aichinger: I think open source is great especially for small companies trying to put something together for initial product releases. We use open source Ubuntu and the Google Stress App Test to exercise cloud hardware so that our tool can see if the memory subsystem is violating the JEDEC rules. In eight out of 10 systems we look at we find violations. These don't cause errors right away but over months and years they are statistically very likely to cause system crashes and cloud outages. OpenStack, CloudStack, OpenNebula, and Eucalyptus are all great additions to the cloud ecosystem. Our role at FuturePlus Systems is to make sure the hardware stays up by validating the design so these products can add value to the users of the cloud.

Cloud Computing Journal: With SMBs, the two primary challenges they face moving to the cloud are always stated as being cost and trust: where is the industry on satisfying SMBs on both points simultaneously - further along than in 2011-12, or...?

Aichinger: I think consumers don't have too much problem with moving to the cloud but for small businesses it can be a challenge. For a core engineering company like FuturePlus Systems the issue is more trust than cost. We know the ins and outs of the cloud hardware and the network so we take a good hard look at what data we keep in the cloud. Having said that we are excited to see our tools being used more and more by system integrators and cloud IT managers. We are teaching them how to make sure the systems they deploy in the cloud are quality and that the memory subsystems are compliant to the standards. As the cloud becomes "healthier" and more secure more SMBs will be more comfortable moving to the cloud.

Cloud Computing Journal: 2013 seems to be turning into a breakthrough year for Big Data. How much does the success of cloud computing have to do with that?

Aichinger: With all the sensors and mobile devices on the market Big Data is inevitable and that pushes the need for expansion in the cloud. Scalability is the new buzzword for cloud computing. I have read some papers that say Google already has one million servers deployed. Facebook is heading there quickly right along with others.

What many don't stop and think about is how do failures scale? In 2009 a landmark study looked at the failure rate of the memory DIMMs in the Google fleet of servers. The data suggested that failures were far more often than the vendors' specifications indicated they should be. Scaling those errors out to the one million servers Google has and the reported uncorrectable error rate of 1.3% to 4% would have servers going down 13,000 to 40,000 times a year. Boil that down and you have two to five failures every hour somewhere in the Google fleet. These failures are expensive. The system has to be taken offline and repaired or replaced. Energy costs, labor and parts can quickly add up.

Cloud Computing Journal: What about the role of social: aside from the acronym itself SMAC (for Social, Mobile, Analytics, Cloud) are you seeing and/or anticipating major traction in this area?

Aichinger: I think SMAC will continue to grow and mature. I think the demand for more sophisticated data like streaming videos and online television will be a real game changer. Analytics is also very important and will become part of "Big Data," meaning the data pulled and pushed to and from the cloud will have an analytic associated with it. FuturePlus Systems has been dealing with Big Data for decades as we capture every signal on every clock edge in our tools that validate the cloud hardware. With cloud hardware going faster and becoming greener we have lots more data points to add to our own "Big Data" problem. I also think SMAC will drive better visualization techniques so that humans will be better able to digest all of the analytics associated with it.

Cloud Computing Journal: To finish, just as real estate is always said to be about "location, location, location", what one word, repeated three times, would you say Cloud Computing is all about?

Aichinger: Standards, Standards, Standards. When I meet up with engineers and managers who actually have to deploy the cloud hardware or that provide cloud hardware, they seem to be constantly exhausted. Pricing pressures are causing them to look hard at the nuances between the various server platforms, disk vendors and DIMM DRAM memory vendors. How do they know if it will work reliably? How do they know what the performance is? Will it be hard to maintain?

Most people never think about the actual machines that run in the data centers. These data centers are the life blood of the cloud. If they don't work well I don't care how good or open your software is... it's not going to do anything. Good solid standards that address the functionality of the hardware, the reliability of the disks, the JEDEC compliance of the memory subsystem would go a long way to advancing cloud computing.

This is where FuturePlus Systems comes in. We have been providing validation tools for both hardware and software developers for more than 20 years. We are moving into the data center to help customers evaluate the servers they are purchasing and allowing software developers to see what performance loads they are putting on the system. This year will be our first year exhibiting at the Cloud Expo in New York so we hope folks will come by our kiosk in the Big Data Pavilion and take a look at our DDR3 Detective tool.

More Stories By Liz McMillan

News Desk compiles and publishes breaking news stories, press releases and latest news articles as they happen.

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.


@ThingsExpo Stories
In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Klein, CEO and Co-founder of Rachio, will discuss next generation communities that are using IoT to create more sustainable, intelligent communities. One example is Sterling Ranch, a 10,000 home development that – with the help of Siemens – will integrate IoT technology into the community to provide residents with energy and water savings as well as intelligent security. Everything from stop lights to sprinkler systems to building infrastructures will run ef...
Manufacturers are embracing the Industrial Internet the same way consumers are leveraging Fitbits – to improve overall health and wellness. Both can provide consistent measurement, visibility, and suggest performance improvements customized to help reach goals. Fitbit users can view real-time data and make adjustments to increase their activity. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mark Bernardo Professional Services Leader, Americas, at GE Digital, will discuss how leveraging the Industrial Interne...
The increasing popularity of the Internet of Things necessitates that our physical and cognitive relationship with wearable technology will change rapidly in the near future. This advent means logging has become a thing of the past. Before, it was on us to track our own data, but now that data is automatically available. What does this mean for mHealth and the "connected" body? In her session at @ThingsExpo, Lisa Calkins, CEO and co-founder of Amadeus Consulting, will discuss the impact of wea...
Whether your IoT service is connecting cars, homes, appliances, wearable, cameras or other devices, one question hangs in the balance – how do you actually make money from this service? The ability to turn your IoT service into profit requires the ability to create a monetization strategy that is flexible, scalable and working for you in real-time. It must be a transparent, smoothly implemented strategy that all stakeholders – from customers to the board – will be able to understand and comprehe...
Increasing IoT connectivity is forcing enterprises to find elegant solutions to organize and visualize all incoming data from these connected devices with re-configurable dashboard widgets to effectively allow rapid decision-making for everything from immediate actions in tactical situations to strategic analysis and reporting. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Shikhir Singh, Senior Developer Relations Manager at Sencha, will discuss how to create HTML5 dashboards that interact with IoT devic...
Artificial Intelligence has the potential to massively disrupt IoT. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, AJ Abdallat, CEO of Beyond AI, will discuss what the five main drivers are in Artificial Intelligence that could shape the future of the Internet of Things. AJ Abdallat is CEO of Beyond AI. He has over 20 years of management experience in the fields of artificial intelligence, sensors, instruments, devices and software for telecommunications, life sciences, environmental monitoring, process...
The demand for organizations to expand their infrastructure to multiple IT environments like the cloud, on-premise, mobile, bring your own device (BYOD) and the Internet of Things (IoT) continues to grow. As this hybrid infrastructure increases, the challenge to monitor the security of these systems increases in volume and complexity. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Stephen Coty, Chief Security Evangelist at Alert Logic, will show how properly configured and managed security architecture can...
We’ve worked with dozens of early adopters across numerous industries and will debunk common misperceptions, which starts with understanding that many of the connected products we’ll use over the next 5 years are already products, they’re just not yet connected. With an IoT product, time-in-market provides much more essential feedback than ever before. Innovation comes from what you do with the data that the connected product provides in order to enhance the customer experience and optimize busi...
A critical component of any IoT project is the back-end systems that capture data from remote IoT devices and structure it in a way to answer useful questions. Traditional data warehouse and analytical systems are mature technologies that can be used to handle large data sets, but they are not well suited to many IoT-scale products and the need for real-time insights. At Fuze, we have developed a backend platform as part of our mobility-oriented cloud service that uses Big Data-based approache...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Ericsson has been named “Gold Sponsor” of SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York, New York. Ericsson is a world leader in the rapidly changing environment of communications technology – providing equipment, software and services to enable transformation through mobility. Some 40 percent of global mobile traffic runs through networks we have supplied. More than 1 billion subscribers around the world re...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Peak 10, Inc., a national IT infrastructure and cloud services provider, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 18th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Peak 10 provides reliable, tailored data center and network services, cloud and managed services. Its solutions are designed to scale and adapt to customers’ changing business needs, enabling them to lower costs, improve performance and focus inter...
We're entering the post-smartphone era, where wearable gadgets from watches and fitness bands to glasses and health aids will power the next technological revolution. With mass adoption of wearable devices comes a new data ecosystem that must be protected. Wearables open new pathways that facilitate the tracking, sharing and storing of consumers’ personal health, location and daily activity data. Consumers have some idea of the data these devices capture, but most don’t realize how revealing and...
The IoTs will challenge the status quo of how IT and development organizations operate. Or will it? Certainly the fog layer of IoT requires special insights about data ontology, security and transactional integrity. But the developmental challenges are the same: People, Process and Platform. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Craig Sproule, CEO of Metavine, will demonstrate how to move beyond today's coding paradigm and share the must-have mindsets for removing complexity from the development proc...
trust and privacy in their ecosystem. Assurance and protection of device identity, secure data encryption and authentication are the key security challenges organizations are trying to address when integrating IoT devices. This holds true for IoT applications in a wide range of industries, for example, healthcare, consumer devices, and manufacturing. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Lancen LaChance, vice president of product management, IoT solutions at GlobalSign, will teach IoT developers how t...
There is an ever-growing explosion of new devices that are connected to the Internet using “cloud” solutions. This rapid growth is creating a massive new demand for efficient access to data. And it’s not just about connecting to that data anymore. This new demand is bringing new issues and challenges and it is important for companies to scale for the coming growth. And with that scaling comes the need for greater security, gathering and data analysis, storage, connectivity and, of course, the...
So, you bought into the current machine learning craze and went on to collect millions/billions of records from this promising new data source. Now, what do you do with them? Too often, the abundance of data quickly turns into an abundance of problems. How do you extract that "magic essence" from your data without falling into the common pitfalls? In her session at @ThingsExpo, Natalia Ponomareva, Software Engineer at Google, will provide tips on how to be successful in large scale machine lear...
Digital payments using wearable devices such as smart watches, fitness trackers, and payment wristbands are an increasing area of focus for industry participants, and consumer acceptance from early trials and deployments has encouraged some of the biggest names in technology and banking to continue their push to drive growth in this nascent market. Wearable payment systems may utilize near field communication (NFC), radio frequency identification (RFID), or quick response (QR) codes and barcodes...
The IETF draft standard for M2M certificates is a security solution specifically designed for the demanding needs of IoT/M2M applications. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Brian Romansky, VP of Strategic Technology at TrustPoint Innovation, will explain how M2M certificates can efficiently enable confidentiality, integrity, and authenticity on highly constrained devices.
You think you know what’s in your data. But do you? Most organizations are now aware of the business intelligence represented by their data. Data science stands to take this to a level you never thought of – literally. The techniques of data science, when used with the capabilities of Big Data technologies, can make connections you had not yet imagined, helping you discover new insights and ask new questions of your data. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Sarbjit Sarkaria, data science team lead ...
You deployed your app with the Bluemix PaaS and it's gaining some serious traction, so it's time to make some tweaks. Did you design your application in a way that it can scale in the cloud? Were you even thinking about the cloud when you built the app? If not, chances are your app is going to break. Check out this webcast to learn various techniques for designing applications that will scale successfully in Bluemix, for the confidence you need to take your apps to the next level and beyond.