|By Mark van Rijmenam||
|May 28, 2013 07:45 AM EDT||
By the end of 2013, 1.4 billion smartphones will be in use by consumers from around the world. Around 2015, Gartner predicts that more tablets will be sold than PCs worldwide and in 2017 1.75 tablets will be sold for every PC. The growth of smartphones is not only in the Western world. Seventy-five percent of all new smartphones will be sold in Africa and Asia. The mobile era is upon us and this will require a different approach by organizations. What is the effect on Big Data and how can on-the-go Big Data add value to your organization?
Mobile devices, meaning tablets, smartphones, smart watches and smart glasses, seem to have different guidelines than desktop computers. Although it is difficult to predict the behavior on smart watches and smart glasses, the behavior on tablets and smartphones is a good example.
The Mobile Revolution
Mobile devices are becoming faster every day and with that consumers are becoming less tolerant to wait times on mobile devices. Nowadays consumers expect an answer on a mobile device in just three seconds. They can wait up to five seconds, but after that 74% abandon the website. Even more challenging is that 71% of mobile browsers expect web pages to load almost as quickly or faster as web pages on their desktop computers. This is regardless whether the user is on 3G or on Wi-Fi.
Luckily telecom networks are improving and 4G is well underway in quite a few countries. It does take quite some time though before it is up-to-speed like 3G is at this moment. 5G is also coming and European Commissioner Neelie Kroes recently made € 50 million available to make Europe ready for the 5G era in 2020. However, as long as 4G is still relatively expensive and 5G is still far away, consumers will have to do with the slower 3G. It is clear, however, that data consumption will grow on mobile devices in the coming years. Ericson predicts that the average monthly data usages for smartphones will grow to 1.9 GB in 2018 compared to 450 mb in 2012. Tablets will grow to 2.7 GB compared to 600mb in 2012.
What Is On-the-Go Big Data?
What is on-the-go Big Data exactly? Basically it means making the results of Big Data analysis available on mobile devices. Of course, any proper analysis or number crunching cannot be done on mobile devices, thus it is merely about giving consumers and organizations access on a mobile device to (visualized) results of analysis done somewhere else. This sounds simple, but it implies a lot of challenges.
Challenges of On-the-Go Big Data
First of all, the upcoming trend of Bring Your Own Devices is a challenge for IT departments in organizations. Especially in the BRIC countries, BYOD makes a significant uprise, with about 75% of employees in Brazil and Russia taking their own devices to work. IT departments are getting tired of supporting devices that they cannot manage or control. However, because it decreases costs for organizations and increases conveniences for employees, it is a trend that is hard to stop.
Several organizations such as Microsoft or IBM are reaching out to help by developing company platforms that can be used by the employees to securely download the necessary apps as well as secure the data that is transmitted. Organizations who want to make company results from Big Data analyses available on mobile devices of employees will have to ensure a high security level. In order to achieve that, organizations better start working as there is a lot to do. They should:
- Assess the employees who have access on a personal mobile device to the data
- Document which data can be viewed via 3G/4G and which data can be viewed via secured Wi-Fi
- Train the employees in dealing with the data on their mobile devices and how to keep it secure
- Create, document and communicate policies around how to use Bring Your Own Devices
- Prepare your IT department for a plethora of questions related to all kinds of devices
Second, the screen sizes are a lot smaller. It might be a retina display or full HD display, but it still is and will always remain a small screen (apart from a tablet of course) - a small screen that is used on-the-go and in public areas. When the intelligent watches are coming (with a screen size of 128 x 128 pixels) or a Google Glass (with an expected display resolution of 640x360 pixels), this challenge becomes even bigger. This is of course not a problem, it only requires a different approach though.
Third, mobile devices do have keyboards (except again the smart watches or Google Glass), but typing on them is a hassle for a lot of people. Entering a query in a mobile Big Data dashboard thus becomes difficult and will take a lot of time. In addition, it is also prone to errors, resulting in unnecessary queries and data transmission.
The Advantages of Mobile Big Data
Well, with quite a few challenges, what are the advantages of on-the-go Big Data that validates spending time and money to overcome these challenges?
First of all, the availability of a large amount of sensors gives a lot of opportunities. There are numerous sensors in an iPhone and this will only increase in the coming years:
- The proximity sensor: Determines how close an iPhone is to your face
- The motion sensor / accelerometer: Enables the iPhone to automatically switch between landscape and portrait
- Ambient light sensor: Determines the amount of available light in a space;
- Moisture sensor: Detects whether an iPhone has been submerged in water
- A three-axis gyroscope: Enhances the perception how the iPhone is moved
- A magnetometer: Measures the strength and/or direction of the magnetic field in the vicinity of the device
- GPS sensor: Determines the location of the iPhone
These sensors can help to increase the effectiveness of the visualizations shown on mobile devices. It can provide effects and tools not available on desktop computers and therefore increase insights into the Big Data. When developing a Big Data startup or a Big Data strategy, it is therefore wise to take on-the-go Big Data into account and make the most of the sensors present in mobile devices.
Second, mobile devices simply make it possible to have access to all your data at any time and anywhere. This will increase employee productivity, because a warehouse employee for example has all necessary data on his or her tablet instead of having to walk back and forth to a desktop computer with that information. Also in the health industry it can provide a lot of value. A doctor that has all available data about a patient while standing at the bed of the patient can save extremely valuable time and even save lives. It can ensure that all doctors have the same, correct, information available on their mobile devices at all time, anywhere.
A third advantage of on-the-go Big Data is the availability of push messages that allow real-time data analysis to have the most effect. Whenever an event is triggered by data analysis it can be pushed to the users via the mobile devices. This can result in immediate action, while desktop computers require the users to be behind a desk. If the mobile device also allows the user to respond immediately, the efficiency as well perhaps customer satisfaction will increase.
Four Guidelines Organization Should Take into Account When Using On-the-Go Big Data?
In order to be successful with on-the-go Big Data, organizations should take into account four guidelines. These guidelines will help organizations make the most of their mobile Big Data strategy:
1) Use simple but smart visualizations
Although the smaller screens of mobile devices require a different approach, the large number of sensors in mobile devices allows smart visualizations. Organizations should remember that on a small screen only the most vital information should be shown, as too much information will confuse the user. Especially on tiny screens like the watch or the glasses this is even more important. Give the user the vital information first, but also give the opportunity to dive deeper if wanted. Remember to limit the steps needed by the user to find more information; a small screen is not suitable for a lot of different steps.
2) Enable voice recognition
The mobile Big Data dashboard should recognize voice input. Google Glasses as well as smart watches do not even have a keyboard anymore and focus almost solely on voice recognition. Even smartphones and tablets are not suitable for entering a (large) query with a keyboard, as that is generally a hassle. If possible integrate the mobile Big Data dashboard with existing programs such as Apple's Siri. Users are familiar with Siri and it already consists of sophisticated voice recognition software.
3) Ensure fast loading of visualizations
Users expect a mobile device to work lightning fast. Complex data analyses are done in the cloud and the results are returned to the mobile device. Take this into account when giving the user the ability to view Big Data visualizations on their mobile device while on 3G network. Data intensive tasks could drain a monthly data subscription plan easily, while the user becomes frustrated. Focus on the most important analyses that a user needs to be able to perform while on 3G and allow the rest of the analyses and visualizations to work only on Wi-Fi.
4) Secure your data transmission
Only 4% of the smartphones are protected with security software. On-the-go Big Data will require giving mobile devices access to (sensitive) data results. Determine which data is sensitive and ensure that this data can only be transmitted when the user has a secure and acknowledged Wi-Fi connection. Especially in health organizations sensitive data should not be used on public Wi-Fi or 3G/4G networks. The data that is only available via WIFI should also be available offline, so that if needed an employee can continue to work even when there is no Wi-Fi or 3G/4G connection.
The Future of On-the-Go Big Data
The future of mobile Big Data is difficult to see as we are at the brink of a mobile revolution. According to Nathaniel Mott, the future of computing will be a question of head vs wrist instead of desktop vs mobile. The coming years we will probably be flooded with new mobile devices currently unknown and all of them will require a different approach of on-the-go Big Data. So the challenge ahead for organizations is to accept this and adapt on time to meet the needs of the mobile future.
This story was originally posted on BigData-Startups.com.
We heard for many years how developing nations would be able to develop mobile-phone networks quickly, perhaps even leapfrog developed nations, because their lack of traditional, wired networks would not inhibit them from deploying the new technology. Now there is talk of history repeating itself with the Industrial Internet--a key aspect of the emerging Internet of Things. For example, Guo Ping, Deputy Chairman of the Board of Chinese electronics giant Huawei, said in a recent report from the World Economic Forum, "The Industrial Internet will afford emerging markets a unique opportunity ...
May. 5, 2015 11:00 PM EDT Reads: 718
Avnet, Inc. has announced that it ranked No. 4 on the InformationWeek Elite 100 – a list of the top business technology innovators in the U.S. Avnet was recognized for the development of an innovative cloud-based training system that serves as the foundation for Avnet Academy – the company’s education and training organization focused on technical training around top IT vendor technologies. The development of this system allowed Avnet to quickly expand its IT-related training capabilities around the world, while creating a new service that Avnet and its IT solution providers can offer to their...
May. 5, 2015 04:15 PM EDT Reads: 936
Ayla Networks, whose agile Internet of Things (IoT) platform makes it easy for manufacturers to deliver secure, connected products, today announced it has been included in the list of "Cool Vendors" in the Internet of Things report by Gartner, Inc. “Gartner knows how important it is that manufacturers of all kinds of products have the right IoT solution to help turn their products into connected ‘things,’” said David Friedman, CEO and co-founder of Ayla Networks. “The market for Ayla’s IoT platform has accelerated dramatically this year compared to last year. Today’s largest manufacturers ar...
May. 5, 2015 02:00 PM EDT Reads: 502
SYS-CON Events announced today that B2Cloud, a provider of enterprise resource planning software, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. B2cloud develops the software you need. They have the ideal tools to help you work with your clients. B2Cloud’s main solutions include AGIS – ERP, CLOHC, AGIS – Invoice, and IZUM
May. 5, 2015 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 4,486
The Internet of Things Maturity Model (IoTMM) is a qualitative method to gauge the growth and increasing impact of IoT capabilities in an IT environment from both a business and technology perspective. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Tony Shan will first scan the IoT landscape and investigate the major challenges and barriers. The key areas of consideration are identified to get started with IoT journey. He will then pinpoint the need of a tool for effective IoT adoption and implementation, which leads to IoTMM in which five maturity levels are defined: Advanced, Dynamic, Optimized, Primitive,...
May. 5, 2015 11:45 AM EDT Reads: 1,162
SYS-CON Events announced today that MangoApps will exhibit at SYS-CON's 16th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY., and the 17th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 3–5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MangoApps provides private all-in-one social intranets allowing workers to securely collaborate from anywhere in the world and from any device. Social, mobile, and easy to use. MangoApps has been named a "Market Leader" by Ovum Research and a "Cool Vendor" by Gartner...
May. 5, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 4,403
The world's leading Cloud event, Cloud Expo has launched Microservices Journal on the SYS-CON.com portal, featuring over 19,000 original articles, news stories, features, and blog entries. DevOps Journal is focused on this critical enterprise IT topic in the world of cloud computing. Microservices Journal offers top articles, news stories, and blog posts from the world's well-known experts and guarantees better exposure for its authors than any other publication. Follow new article posts on Twitter at @MicroservicesE
May. 5, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 2,945
Containers and microservices have become topics of intense interest throughout the cloud developer and enterprise IT communities. Accordingly, attendees at the upcoming 16th Cloud Expo at the Javits Center in New York June 9-11 will find fresh new content in a new track called PaaS | Containers & Microservices Containers are not being considered for the first time by the cloud community, but a current era of re-consideration has pushed them to the top of the cloud agenda. With the launch of Docker's initial release in March of 2013, interest was revved up several notches. Then late last...
May. 5, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 3,934
There is no doubt that Big Data is here and getting bigger every day. Building a Big Data infrastructure today is no easy task. There are an enormous number of choices for database engines and technologies. To make things even more challenging, requirements are getting more sophisticated, and the standard paradigm of supporting historical analytics queries is often just one facet of what is needed. As Big Data growth continues, organizations are demanding real-time access to data, allowing immediate and actionable interpretation of events as they happen. Another aspect concerns how to deliver ...
May. 5, 2015 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 5,807
WebRTC defines no default signaling protocol, causing fragmentation between WebRTC silos. SIP and XMPP provide possibilities, but come with considerable complexity and are not designed for use in a web environment. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Matthew Hodgson, technical co-founder of the Matrix.org, discussed how Matrix is a new non-profit Open Source Project that defines both a new HTTP-based standard for VoIP & IM signaling and provides reference implementations.
May. 5, 2015 10:45 AM EDT Reads: 4,415
So I guess we’ve officially entered a new era of lean and mean. I say this with the announcement of Ubuntu Snappy Core, “designed for lightweight cloud container hosts running Docker and for smart devices,” according to Canonical. “Snappy Ubuntu Core is the smallest Ubuntu available, designed for security and efficiency in devices or on the cloud.” This first version of Snappy Ubuntu Core features secure app containment and Docker 1.6 (1.5 in main release), is available on public clouds, and for ARM and x86 devices on several IoT boards. It’s a Trend! This announcement comes just as...
May. 5, 2015 10:45 AM EDT Reads: 2,255
The security devil is always in the details of the attack: the ones you've endured, the ones you prepare yourself to fend off, and the ones that, you fear, will catch you completely unaware and defenseless. The Internet of Things (IoT) is nothing if not an endless proliferation of details. It's the vision of a world in which continuous Internet connectivity and addressability is embedded into a growing range of human artifacts, into the natural world, and even into our smartphones, appliances, and physical persons. In the IoT vision, every new "thing" - sensor, actuator, data source, data con...
May. 5, 2015 10:30 AM EDT Reads: 5,436
The WebRTC Summit 2015 New York, to be held June 9-11, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York, NY, announces that its Call for Papers is open. Topics include all aspects of improving IT delivery by eliminating waste through automated business models leveraging cloud technologies. WebRTC Summit is co-located with 16th International Cloud Expo, @ThingsExpo, Big Data Expo, and DevOps Summit.
May. 5, 2015 10:15 AM EDT Reads: 3,183
SYS-CON Events announced today the IoT Bootcamp – Jumpstart Your IoT Strategy, being held June 9–10, 2015, in conjunction with 16th Cloud Expo and Internet of @ThingsExpo at the Javits Center in New York City. This is your chance to jumpstart your IoT strategy. Combined with real-world scenarios and use cases, the IoT Bootcamp is not just based on presentations but includes hands-on demos and walkthroughs. We will introduce you to a variety of Do-It-Yourself IoT platforms including Arduino, Raspberry Pi, BeagleBone, Spark and Intel Edison. You will also get an overview of cloud technologies s...
May. 5, 2015 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 3,956
The Internet of Things is not new. Historically, smart businesses have used its basic concept of leveraging data to drive better decision making and have capitalized on those insights to realize additional revenue opportunities. So, what has changed to make the Internet of Things one of the hottest topics in tech? In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Gray, Director, Embedded and Internet of Things, discussed the underlying factors that are driving the economics of intelligent systems. Discover how hardware commoditization, the ubiquitous nature of connectivity, and the emergence of Big Data a...
May. 5, 2015 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 5,597
SYS-CON Media announced today that @WebRTCSummit Blog, the largest WebRTC resource in the world, has been launched. @WebRTCSummit Blog offers top articles, news stories, and blog posts from the world's well-known experts and guarantees better exposure for its authors than any other publication. @WebRTCSummit Blog can be bookmarked ▸ Here @WebRTCSummit conference site can be bookmarked ▸ Here
May. 5, 2015 09:45 AM EDT Reads: 3,461
Scott Jenson leads a project called The Physical Web within the Chrome team at Google. Project members are working to take the scalability and openness of the web and use it to talk to the exponentially exploding range of smart devices. Nearly every company today working on the IoT comes up with the same basic solution: use my server and you'll be fine. But if we really believe there will be trillions of these devices, that just can't scale. We need a system that is open a scalable and by using the URL as a basic building block, we open this up and get the same resilience that the web enjoys.
May. 5, 2015 09:45 AM EDT Reads: 5,966
In his session at WebRTC Summit, Peter Dunkley, Technical Director at Acision, will look at creating interactive communications via the web by adding messaging, file transfer, and group communication (group chat and audio/video conferencing) into the web experience. He will also discuss potential applications of this technology in areas including B2B, B2C, P2P, and gaming. Peter Dunkley is Technical Director at Acision. He graduated from The University of Edinburgh in 2000 with a BSc (Hons) in Computer Science. After graduation Peter worked on a PSTN switch developing signalling stacks for SS...
May. 5, 2015 09:39 AM EDT Reads: 528
It's time to put the "Thing" back in IoT. Whether it’s drones, robots, self-driving cars, ... There are multiple incredible examples of the power of IoT nowadays that are shadowed by announcements of yet another twist on statistics, databases, .... Sorry, I meant, Big Data(TM), tiered storage(TM), complex systems(TM), smart nations(TM), .... In his session at WebRTC Summit, Dr Alex Gouaillard, CTO and Co-Founder of Temasys, will discuss the concrete, cool, examples of IoT already happening today, and how mixing all those different sources of visual and audio input can make your life happier ...
May. 5, 2015 09:15 AM EDT Reads: 659
What exactly is a cognitive application? In her session at 16th Cloud Expo, Ashley Hathaway, Product Manager at IBM Watson, will look at the services being offered by the IBM Watson Developer Cloud and what that means for developers and Big Data. She'll explore how IBM Watson and its partnerships will continue to grow and help define what it means to be a cognitive service, as well as take a look at the offerings on Bluemix. She will also check out how Watson and the Alchemy API team up to offer disruptive APIs to developers.
May. 5, 2015 09:15 AM EDT Reads: 2,242