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A. Schulman Reports Solid Fiscal 2013 First Quarter

AKRON, Ohio, Jan. 3, 2013  /PRNewswire/ --

  • Net income for the quarter was $11.8 million, or $0.40 per diluted share; excluding certain items, net income was $14.6 million, or $0.50 per diluted share
  • Volume increased in all three regions during the quarter
  • Company reaffirms full-year fiscal 2013 net income guidance, excluding certain items, to be in the range of $2.14 to $2.19 per diluted share

A. Schulman, Inc. (Nasdaq-GS: SHLM) announced today earnings for the fiscal 2013 first quarter ended November 30, 2012. 

Summary of First-Quarter Results

(In Millions, Except EPS)

Q1  FY13

Q1 FY12

$ Change

% Change

Volume (lbs)

481.0

456.3

24.7

5%

Net Sales

$540.6

$517.3

$23.3

4%

Net Income Attributable to

A. Schulman, Inc.

$11.8

$13.6

$(1.8)

-13%

Adjusted Net Income

Attributable to A. Schulman, Inc.*

$14.6

$15.3

$(0.7)

-4%

EPS as Reported

$0.40

$0.46

$(0.06)

-13%

EPS as Adjusted*

$0.50

$0.52

$(0.02)

-4%

*The Company provides adjusted net income attributable to A. Schulman, Inc. exclusive of certain items such as costs related to acquisitions, restructuring-related expenses and asset write-downs, which are considered relevant to aid analysis and understanding of the Company's results and business trends. Adjusted net income is a non-GAAP measure, see note later in release about the use of non-GAAP financial measures. 

The Company reported net income for the first quarter of $11.8 million, or $0.40 per diluted share, a 13% decline compared with the prior-year period.  The translation effect of foreign currencies negatively impacted net income for the quarter by $0.5 million, or approximately $0.02 per diluted share.

The Company's net sales improvement was a result of volume increases in all regions.  The Americas segment experienced an overall volume increase of 13.8%, related to improvement across all product families. Incremental net sales from the recent acquisition of ECM Plastics, Inc., a leading global manufacturer of niche engineered plastics and masterbatch, were $8.7 million during the first quarter of fiscal 2013.  The Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA) segment experienced a volume increase of 1.5% related to its custom performance color and masterbatch solutions product families.  Incremental net sales from the acquisition of Elian, a leading global producer of highly specialized color masterbatch, were $9.6 million during the first quarter of fiscal 2013.  Foreign currency translation negatively impacted EMEA's net sales by $16.5 million. The Company's Asia Pacific (APAC) segment reported increased volume of 3.5% primarily in its engineered plastics and specialty powders product families.

"We are very encouraged to see modest volume growth in all regions. Excluding acquisitions and foreign currency impact, volume increased 3% and we saw a sales improvement of 4%," said Joseph M. Gingo, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer. "Our acquisition strategy continues to position us to better serve customers with our broad array of product offerings.  I am proud that we continue to perform well despite a difficult global competitive environment.  I'm confident that our skilled team can mitigate tough headwinds and continue to advance our strategy over the course of the fiscal year."  

Summary of First-Quarter Results

(In Millions, Except
Operating Income per lb.)

Q1 FY13

 

Q1 FY12

 

$ Change

 

% Change

 

Operating Income

$17.6

$18.8

$(1.2)

-7%

Adjusted Operating Income*

$21.1

$22.3

$(1.2)

-6%

Adjusted Operating Income per lb.*

$0.044

$0.049

$(0.005)

-10%

*The Company provides adjusted operating results exclusive of certain items such as costs related to acquisitions, restructuring-related expenses and asset write-downs, which are considered relevant to aid analysis and understanding of the Company's results and business trends. Adjusted operating income is a non-GAAP measure, see note later in release about the use of non-GAAP financial measures. 

Fiscal 2013 first-quarter gross profit, excluding certain items, was $71.3 million compared with $69.5 million for the same period last year. Excluding the foreign currency impact, total gross profit increased by $3.9 million.  The Company's two acquisitions in fiscal 2012 contributed approximately $3.1 million of incremental gross profit in the first quarter of fiscal 2013.  Additionally, the Company continues to benefit from prior restructuring initiatives and ongoing efforts to control costs.

The Company's selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expenses, excluding certain items, increased $3.0 million compared with the same period in the prior year.  Excluding the impact of foreign currency, SG&A expenses increased by $4.4 million. The Company's two acquisitions in fiscal 2012 added approximately $2.1 million of incremental SG&A expenses during the quarter.  The remaining increase of approximately $2.3 million was attributable to the Company's support of various strategic initiatives that collectively added approximately $0.6 million of incremental expenses in the first quarter of fiscal 2013, as well as increases in incentive compensation and bad debt expense of $1.2 million and $0.5 million, respectively.

Operating income for the quarter, excluding certain items, was $21.1 million, a decrease of $1.2 million compared with last year. Foreign currency translation negatively impacted operating income by $0.7 million.

Working Capital/Cash Flow From Operations

Working capital increased to 61 days at the end of the fiscal 2013 first quarter, from 57 days at the end of fiscal 2012, and decreased from 71 days at the end of the first quarter of fiscal 2012.  The increase from 2012 fiscal year-end was to support the increased volume during the quarter.

For the three months ended November 30, 2012, net cash provided from operations was $10.3 million, and net cash used in operations was $21.3 million for the three months ended November 30, 2011. The $31.6 million improvement in cash provided by operations was primarily due to improved working capital management, mostly in the area of accounts payable, for the three months ended November 30, 2012, compared with the prior year.

The Company's cash and cash equivalents decreased $16.9 million from August 31, 2012. This decrease was driven primarily by the acquisition of ECM Plastics, Inc. for $36.4 million in cash consideration, capital expenditures of $4.8 million, and dividend payments of $5.8 million. Combined, these three uses of cash and cash equivalents totaled $47.0 million, and were partially offset by the improved net cash provided from operations, borrowings on the Company's revolving credit facilities of $9.1 million and proceeds of $7.7 million primarily related to the sale of the Company's Bellevue, Ohio facility.

Business Outlook

"We will continue to support value-added strategic initiatives to bolster long-term earnings growth while aggressively pursuing acquisitions that enhance our core offerings and technical capabilities and contribute to our profitability," Gingo said.  "As we have done in the past, we will continue to monitor trends and refine our operations as needed.  Because of our proven track record of executing our strategy, we are reiterating our expectations for fiscal 2013 full-year net income guidance to be in the range of $2.14 to $2.19 per diluted share." 

Conference Call on the Web

A live Internet broadcast of A. Schulman's conference call regarding fiscal 2013 first-quarter earnings can be accessed at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time on Friday, January 4, 2013, on the Company's website, www.aschulman.com.  An archived replay of the call will also be available on the website.

Investor Presentation Materials

Senior executives of the Company may participate in meetings with analysts and investors throughout the remainder of this fiscal year. The Company has posted presentation materials, portions of which may be used during such meetings, in the Investors section of its website at www.aschulman.com. The presentation will remain on the website as long as it is in use.

About A. Schulman, Inc.

A. Schulman, Inc. is a leading international supplier of high-performance plastic compounds and resins headquartered in Akron, Ohio.  Since 1928, the Company has been providing innovative solutions to meet its customers' demanding requirements.  The Company's customers span a wide range of markets such as packaging, mobility, building & construction, electronics & electrical, agriculture, personal care & hygiene, sports & leisure, custom services and others.  The Company employs approximately 3,300 people and has 34 manufacturing facilities globally.  A. Schulman reported net sales of $2.1 billion for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2012.  Additional information about A. Schulman can be found at www.aschulman.com.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This release includes certain financial information determined by methods other than in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP").  These non-GAAP financial measures include: net income excluding certain items and net income per diluted share excluding certain items. However, non-GAAP measures are not in accordance with, nor are they a substitute for, GAAP measures, and tables included in this release reconcile each non-GAAP financial measure with the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure. The most directly comparable GAAP financial measures for these purposes are net income and net income per diluted share.  The Company's non-GAAP financial measures are not meant to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for comparable GAAP financial measures, and should be read only in conjunction with the Company's consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP.

While the Company believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful supplemental information to investors, there are very significant limitations associated with their use.  These non-GAAP financial measures are not prepared in accordance with GAAP, may not be reported by all of the Company's competitors and may not be directly comparable to similarly titled measures of the Company's competitors due to potential differences in the exact method of calculation.  The Company compensates for these limitations by using these non-GAAP financial measures as supplements to GAAP financial measures and by reviewing the reconciliations of the non-GAAP financial measures to their most comparable GAAP financial measures.

Cautionary Note on Forward-Looking Statements

A number of the matters discussed in this document that are not historical or current facts deal with potential future circumstances and developments and may constitute "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historic or current facts and relate to future events and expectations. Forward-looking statements contain such words as "anticipate," "estimate," "expect," "project," "intend," "plan," "believe," and other words and terms of similar meaning in connection with any discussion of future operating or financial performance. Forward-looking statements are based on management's current expectations and include known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which management is unable to predict or control, that may cause actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those suggested by these forward-looking statements, and that could adversely affect the Company's future financial performance, include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • worldwide and regional economic, business and political conditions, including continuing economic uncertainties in some or all of the Company's major product markets or countries where the Company has operations;
  • the effectiveness of the Company's efforts to improve operating margins through sales growth, price increases, productivity gains, and improved purchasing techniques;
  • competitive factors, including intense price competition;
  • fluctuations in the value of currencies in major areas where the Company operates;
  • volatility of prices and availability of the supply of energy and raw materials that are critical to the manufacture of the Company's products, particularly plastic resins derived from oil and natural gas;
  • changes in customer demand and requirements;
  • effectiveness of the Company to achieve the level of cost savings, productivity improvements, growth and other benefits anticipated from acquisitions, joint ventures and restructuring initiatives;
  • escalation in the cost of providing employee health care;
  • uncertainties regarding the resolution of pending and future litigation and other claims;
  • the performance of the global automotive market; and
  • further adverse changes in economic or industry conditions, including global supply and demand conditions and prices for products.

The risks and uncertainties identified above are not the only risks the Company faces. Additional risk factors that could affect the Company's performance are set forth in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2012. In addition, risks and uncertainties not presently known to the Company or that it believes to be immaterial also may adversely affect the Company. Should any known or unknown risks or uncertainties develop into actual events, or underlying assumptions prove inaccurate, these developments could have material adverse effects on the Company's business, financial condition and results of operations.

SHLM_ALL

A. SCHULMAN, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS


Three months ended November 30,


2012


2011


Unaudited

(In thousands, except per share data)

Net sales

$

540,552



$

517,289


Cost of sales

469,705



447,793


Selling, general and administrative expenses

50,503



47,415


Restructuring expense

1,937



3,244


Asset impairment

498




Curtailment (gain) loss

333




Operating income

17,576



18,837


Interest expense

1,779



2,126


Interest income

(208)



(232)


Foreign currency transaction (gains) losses

558



499


Other (income) expense, net

(135)



(170)


Income before taxes

15,582



16,614


Provision (benefit) for U.S. and foreign income taxes

3,437



2,651


Net income

12,145



13,963


Noncontrolling interests

(366)



(381)


Net income attributable to A. Schulman, Inc.

$

11,779



$

13,582


Weighted-average number of shares outstanding:




Basic

29,217



29,418


Diluted

29,412



29,514


Earnings per share of common stock attributable to A. Schulman, Inc.:




Basic

$

0.40



$

0.46


Diluted

$

0.40



$

0.46


Cash dividends per common share

$

0.195



$

0.170


 

A. SCHULMAN, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS


November 30,
2012


August 31,
2012


Unaudited

(In thousands)

ASSETS

Current assets:




Cash and cash equivalents

$

107,142



$

124,031


Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $9,819 at November 30, 2012
     and
$9,190 at August 31, 2012

323,401



304,698


Inventories, average cost or market, whichever is lower

276,248



247,222


Prepaid expenses and other current assets

37,302



32,403


Total current assets

744,093



708,354


Property, plant and equipment, at cost:




Land and improvements

28,459



28,739


Buildings and leasehold improvements

150,335



156,951


Machinery and equipment

342,296



363,811


Furniture and fixtures

39,477



39,404


Construction in progress

16,247



14,320


Gross property, plant and equipment

576,814



603,225


Accumulated depreciation and investment grants of $554 at November 30, 2012 and $579 at
      
August 31, 2012

352,456



377,349


Net property, plant and equipment

224,358



225,876


Other assets:




Deferred charges and other noncurrent assets

42,278



41,146


Goodwill

138,990



128,353


Intangible assets, net

102,505



90,038


Total other assets

283,773



259,537


Total assets

$

1,252,224



$

1,193,767


LIABILITIES AND EQUITY


Current liabilities:




Accounts payable

$

268,174



$

248,069


U.S. and foreign income taxes payable

4,703



4,268


Accrued payroll, taxes and related benefits

38,800



42,275


Other accrued liabilities

46,842



37,282


Short-term debt

37,806



35,411


Total current liabilities

396,325



367,305


Long-term debt

185,376



174,466


Pension plans

95,936



92,581


Other long-term liabilities

28,257



29,324


Deferred income taxes

22,352



22,402


Total liabilities

728,246



686,078


Commitments and contingencies




Stockholders' equity:




Common stock, $1 par value, authorized - 75,000 shares, issued - 47,974 shares at November 30, 2012 and 47,958 shares at August 31, 2012

47,974



47,958


Additional paid-in capital

260,279



259,253


Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

3,367



(5,921)


Retained earnings

577,203



571,205


Treasury stock, at cost, 18,664 shares at November 30, 2012 and 18,649 shares at August 31, 2012

(371,463)



(371,099)


Total A. Schulman, Inc.'s stockholders' equity

517,360



501,396


Noncontrolling interests

6,618



6,293


Total equity

523,978



507,689


Total liabilities and equity

$

1,252,224



$

1,193,767



 

A. SCHULMAN, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS


Three months ended November 30,


2012


2011


Unaudited

(In thousands)

Operating:




Net income

$

12,145



$

13,963


Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided 

  from (used in) operating activities:




Depreciation

7,485



7,188


Amortization

2,871



1,876


Deferred tax provision

(1,502)



(2,790)


Pension, postretirement benefits and other deferred compensation

2,068



1,547


Net (gains) losses on asset sales



(29)


Asset impairment

498




Curtailment (gain) loss

333




Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:




Accounts receivable

(6,133)



15,731


Inventories

(18,803)



(24,349)


Accounts payable

11,615



(30,888)


Income taxes

1,700



(4,240)


Accrued payroll and other accrued liabilities

3,515



2,086


Other assets and long-term liabilities

(5,449)



(1,360)


Net cash provided from (used in) operating activities

10,343



(21,265)


Investing:




Expenditures for property, plant and equipment

(4,811)



(9,072)


Proceeds from the sale of assets

7,689



724


Business acquisitions, net of cash acquired

(36,360)




Net cash provided from (used in) investing activities

(33,482)



(8,348)


Financing:




Cash dividends paid

(5,781)



(5,061)


Increase (decrease) in notes payable

2,397



(1,553)


Borrowings on revolving credit facilities

44,900



40,750


Repayments on revolving credit facilities

(35,800)



(28,000)


Borrowings on long-term debt

146




Repayments on long-term debt

(9)



(4)


Issuances of stock, common and treasury

432



225


Purchases of treasury stock

(479)



(21,474)


Net cash provided from (used in) financing activities

5,806



(15,117)


Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

444



(5,342)


Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

(16,889)



(50,072)


Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

124,031



155,753


Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$

107,142



$

105,681



 

A. SCHULMAN, INC.
Reconciliation of GAAP and Non-GAAP Financial Measures
Unaudited
(In thousands, except per share data)



Three months ended November 30,



2012


2011



(In thousands, except per

 share data)

Net income attributable to A. Schulman, Inc.:





GAAP, as reported


$

11,779



$

13,582


Certain items, net of tax:





Asset write-downs (1)


626




Costs related to acquisitions (2)


312



190


Restructuring related (3)


1,762



2,280


Inventory step-up (4)


138




Tax benefits (charges) (5)




(747)


Non-GAAP


$

14,617



$

15,305







Non-GAAP diluted EPS


$

0.50



$

0.52







Weighted-average number of shares outstanding -diluted


29,412



29,514







1 - Asset write-downs primarily relate to asset impairments and accelerated depreciation.

2 - Costs related to acquisitions include those costs incurred to pursue intended targets.

3 - Restructuring related costs include items such as employee severance charges, lease termination
charges, curtailment gains/losses and other employee termination costs.

4 - Inventory step-up costs include the adjustment for fair value of  inventory acquired as a result of
acquisition purchase accounting.

5 - Tax benefits (charges) include the effect of the adjustment to the Italian valuation allowance in
fiscal 2012 and the realization of certain deferred tax assets in fiscal 2011 as a result of the 2010 ICO,
Inc. acquisition.

 

A. SCHULMAN, INC.
SUPPLEMENTAL SEGMENT INFORMATION



Three months ended November 30,



2012


2011



Unaudited

(In thousands, except for %'s)

Pounds sold to unaffiliated customers





EMEA


290,607



286,297


Americas


159,836



140,501


APAC


30,520



29,484


Total pounds sold to unaffiliated customers


480,963



456,282







Net sales to unaffiliated customers





EMEA


$

351,488



$

352,891


Americas


149,574



127,980


APAC


39,490



36,418


Total net sales to unaffiliated customers


$

540,552



$

517,289







Segment gross profit





EMEA


$

44,060



$

44,238


Americas


20,991



19,879


APAC


6,212



5,379


Total segment gross profit


71,263



69,496


Inventory step-up


(138)




Accelerated depreciation


(278)




Total gross profit


$

70,847



$

69,496







Segment operating income





EMEA


$

16,145



$

19,235


Americas


7,792



6,111


APAC


3,082



2,533


Total segment operating income


27,019



27,879


Corporate and other


(5,947)



(5,580)


Costs related to acquisitions


(312)



(218)


Restructuring related


(1,937)



(3,244)


Accelerated depreciation


(278)




Asset impairment


(498)




Curtailment gain (loss)


(333)




Inventory step-up


(138)




Operating income


17,576



18,837


Interest expense, net


(1,571)



(1,894)


Foreign currency transaction gains (losses)


(558)



(499)


Other income (expense), net


135



170


Income before taxes


$

15,582



$

16,614







Capacity Utilization





EMEA


81

%


83

%

Americas


66

%


63

%

APAC


78

%


86

%

Worldwide


74

%


74

%

 

SOURCE A. Schulman, Inc.

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Can call centers hang up the phones for good? Intuitive Solutions did. WebRTC enabled this contact center provider to eliminate antiquated telephony and desktop phone infrastructure with a pure web-based solution, allowing them to expand beyond brick-and-mortar confines to a home-based agent model. It also ensured scalability and better service for customers, including MUY! Companies, one of the country's largest franchise restaurant companies with 232 Pizza Hut locations. This is one example of WebRTC adoption today, but the potential is limitless when powered by IoT. Attendees will learn real-world benefits of WebRTC and explore future possibilities, as WebRTC and IoT intersect to improve customer service.
From telemedicine to smart cars, digital homes and industrial monitoring, the explosive growth of IoT has created exciting new business opportunities for real time calls and messaging. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Ivelin Ivanov, CEO and Co-Founder of Telestax, will share some of the new revenue sources that IoT created for Restcomm – the open source telephony platform from Telestax. Ivelin Ivanov is a technology entrepreneur who founded Mobicents, an Open Source VoIP Platform, to help create, deploy, and manage applications integrating voice, video and data. He is the co-founder of TeleStax, an Open Source Cloud Communications company that helps the shift from legacy IN/SS7 telco networks to IP-based cloud comms. An early investor in multiple start-ups, he still finds time to code for his companies and contribute to open source projects.
The Internet of Things (IoT) promises to create new business models as significant as those that were inspired by the Internet and the smartphone 20 and 10 years ago. What business, social and practical implications will this phenomenon bring? That's the subject of "Monetizing the Internet of Things: Perspectives from the Front Lines," an e-book released today and available free of charge from Aria Systems, the leading innovator in recurring revenue management.
The Internet of Things will put IT to its ultimate test by creating infinite new opportunities to digitize products and services, generate and analyze new data to improve customer satisfaction, and discover new ways to gain a competitive advantage across nearly every industry. In order to help corporate business units to capitalize on the rapidly evolving IoT opportunities, IT must stand up to a new set of challenges.
There’s Big Data, then there’s really Big Data from the Internet of Things. IoT is evolving to include many data possibilities like new types of event, log and network data. The volumes are enormous, generating tens of billions of logs per day, which raise data challenges. Early IoT deployments are relying heavily on both the cloud and managed service providers to navigate these challenges. In her session at 6th Big Data Expo®, Hannah Smalltree, Director at Treasure Data, to discuss how IoT, Big Data and deployments are processing massive data volumes from wearables, utilities and other machines.
P2P RTC will impact the landscape of communications, shifting from traditional telephony style communications models to OTT (Over-The-Top) cloud assisted & PaaS (Platform as a Service) communication services. The P2P shift will impact many areas of our lives, from mobile communication, human interactive web services, RTC and telephony infrastructure, user federation, security and privacy implications, business costs, and scalability. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Erik Lagerway, Co-founder of Hookflash, will walk through the shifting landscape of traditional telephone and voice services to the modern P2P RTC era of OTT cloud assisted services.
While great strides have been made relative to the video aspects of remote collaboration, audio technology has basically stagnated. Typically all audio is mixed to a single monaural stream and emanates from a single point, such as a speakerphone or a speaker associated with a video monitor. This leads to confusion and lack of understanding among participants especially regarding who is actually speaking. Spatial teleconferencing introduces the concept of acoustic spatial separation between conference participants in three dimensional space. This has been shown to significantly improve comprehension and conference efficiency.
The Internet of Things is tied together with a thin strand that is known as time. Coincidentally, at the core of nearly all data analytics is a timestamp. When working with time series data there are a few core principles that everyone should consider, especially across datasets where time is the common boundary. In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, Jim Scott, Director of Enterprise Strategy & Architecture at MapR Technologies, will discuss single-value, geo-spatial, and log time series data. By focusing on enterprise applications and the data center, he will use OpenTSDB as an example to explain some of these concepts including when to use different storage models.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Gridstore™, the leader in software-defined storage (SDS) purpose-built for Windows Servers and Hyper-V, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 15th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on November 4–6, 2014, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Gridstore™ is the leader in software-defined storage purpose built for virtualization that is designed to accelerate applications in virtualized environments. Using its patented Server-Side Virtual Controller™ Technology (SVCT) to eliminate the I/O blender effect and accelerate applications Gridstore delivers vmOptimized™ Storage that self-optimizes to each application or VM across both virtual and physical environments. Leveraging a grid architecture, Gridstore delivers the first end-to-end storage QoS to ensure the most important App or VM performance is never compromised. The storage grid, that uses Gridstore’s performance optimized nodes or capacity optimized nodes, starts with as few a...
The Transparent Cloud-computing Consortium (abbreviation: T-Cloud Consortium) will conduct research activities into changes in the computing model as a result of collaboration between "device" and "cloud" and the creation of new value and markets through organic data processing High speed and high quality networks, and dramatic improvements in computer processing capabilities, have greatly changed the nature of applications and made the storing and processing of data on the network commonplace. These technological reforms have not only changed computers and smartphones, but are also changing the data processing model for all information devices. In particular, in the area known as M2M (Machine-To-Machine), there are great expectations that information with a new type of value can be produced using a variety of devices and sensors saving/sharing data via the network and through large-scale cloud-type data processing. This consortium believes that attaching a huge number of devic...