Agile Computing Authors: Liz McMillan, William Schmarzo, Carmen Gonzalez, Jim Kaskade, Lori MacVittie

Related Topics: @CloudExpo, Java IoT, Mobile IoT, Microservices Expo, Containers Expo Blog, Agile Computing

@CloudExpo: Article

4G World: Clouds with 1000x More Capacity

Gigabit speed to Smartphones and tablets is not a future goal; it should be a strict design spec for any network being built out

In the initial presentations at the 4G World Conference in Chicago's McCormick Place this week, several executive insights from Verizon, Nokia, Telstra, IBM, and others focus on the need to expand speeds and network capacities. One talked about the need to expand networks in order to handle 1000X the current traffic

The 4G World Conference is one of the best conferences to go to if you are concerned with the future of wireless because there are many corporate perspectives represented there. Besides hearing some of the strategic directions industry leaders are taking, you can also see a lot of the latest technology offerings in the exposition hall.

Everyone was talking about the need to move more data through the wireless networks. 4G Networks can really facilitate addressing that need.

At this point, data is being described in gigabytes of storage. One executive from Nokia said that the average data per person used is one gigabyte a day. That might be low, but it was a good talking point.

He gave a good example of gigabyte comparisons:

What Is a Gigabyte of Storage?

1 Gigabyte of storage =

2 hours of Streaming video

1 Gigabyte of storage =

200 Songs

1 Gigabyte of storage =

1,000 Digital Books

1 Gigabyte of storage =

4,000 Facebook pictures

1 Gigabyte of storage =

50,000 EMails

Need for Speed: I Knew That
Another executive at the opening sessions of the conference said that the wireless network needs to be upgraded to handle more calls that are sending and receiving video-based applications. Hmmm... tell us something we don't know.

Video traffic has been burying some of the network carriers and is also a large concern at venues with a large concentration of users, like stadiums and sport arenas.

In order to support that surge in traffic, more infrastructure is required. More "traffic demand" equals more "infrastructure demand" which equals more "capital expenditures".

The new executive buzzword seemed to be "liquid." We need "liquid network architecture". We need adaptability and "liquid" radio.

It seemed like we were hearing more buzzwords and euphemisms to disguise the real issue: The network needs to be thoroughly overhauled in order to support the explosive growth of traffic generated by smartphones, tablets, and other wireless devices that engineers did not account for in early designs.

For years, network engineers for the incumbent carriers have been very shortsighted in their designs to accommodate a geometric growth in traffic generated by smartphones and other next-generation devices, like tablets. Now, there is a rush to try to remedy that.

Several years ago, I wrote about having 1 Gigabit per second (1Gbps) speeds to the end user both on landlines as well as handheld wireless devices. Some thought that was overkill, now they wish they started engineering the network for that type of speed because that's what needed today.

What Happened to Standards?
Since the Bell System Divestiture of 1984, we have gotten away from strict standards on the network - and it shows. What consumers want out of phones and tablets is consistency. Consistency comes from adhering to strict standards on network design and delivery of services.

When I started at Bell Telephone Laboratories in the late 1970s, there was a strong focus on quality and the adherence of network-wide standards as to network design, implementation and operations. After the divestiture, some of the carriers started to go in their own directions and a strict focus on uniform standards was lost.

We are paying for that loss now as we have fallen behind and now need to catch up. What good are new applications if they cannot work properly across all carriers?

Now, there is talk of getting back to standards in order to facilitate rapid deployment of new applications and services.

Verizon offers an Innovation Program that provides access to Verizon expertise in order to collaborate to develop and deploy new services and applications. Rather than have a developer design a new application but not have them test it out on the network, Verizon will partner with a developer and take them through additional steps in order to get a new application out to incubation, rapid prototyping, product optimization and turn-key solution enablement.

It sounds more promising than the old approach of keeping everything "proprietary."

A large industry initiative, like the retail industry's recent MCX (Merchant Customer Exchange) announcement, is the perfect candidate for this type of collaboration with the carrier.

How Do We Get 1000x More Network?
Here is a simplification of what was discussed by the Nokia executive when it came to explaining how we are to get to 1000 times the capacity.

10 X


10 X


(Use of small sites)

10 X


(Manage intercell interference)

As you can see, a lot was discussed in the first day of the conference. Real cloud infrastructure needs to be made up of robust, standardized components that must provide consistency to allow maximum usability and not just represent the billowing exhaust of sales executives trying to impress the crowd with smoky euphemisms.

•   •   •

Copyright 2012 - James Carlini

More Stories By James Carlini

James Carlini, MBA, a certified Infrastructure Consultant, keynote speaker and former award-winning Adjunct Professor at Northwestern University, has advised on mission-critical networks. Clients include the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, GLOBEX, and City of Chicago’s 911 Center. An expert witness in civil and federal courts on network infrastructure, he has worked with AT&T, Sprint and others.

Follow daily Carlini-isms at www.twitter.com/JAMESCARLINI

Comments (0)

Share your thoughts on this story.

Add your comment
You must be signed in to add a comment. Sign-in | Register

In accordance with our Comment Policy, we encourage comments that are on topic, relevant and to-the-point. We will remove comments that include profanity, personal attacks, racial slurs, threats of violence, or other inappropriate material that violates our Terms and Conditions, and will block users who make repeated violations. We ask all readers to expect diversity of opinion and to treat one another with dignity and respect.

@ThingsExpo Stories
As ridesharing competitors and enhanced services increase, notable changes are occurring in the transportation model. Despite the cost-effective means and flexibility of ridesharing, both drivers and users will need to be aware of the connected environment and how it will impact the ridesharing experience. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Timothy Evavold, Executive Director Automotive at Covisint, will discuss key challenges and solutions to powering a ride sharing and/or multimodal model in the a...
In his general session at 19th Cloud Expo, Manish Dixit, VP of Product and Engineering at Dice, will discuss how Dice leverages data insights and tools to help both tech professionals and recruiters better understand how skills relate to each other and which skills are in high demand using interactive visualizations and salary indicator tools to maximize earning potential. Manish Dixit is VP of Product and Engineering at Dice. As the leader of the Product, Engineering and Data Sciences team a...
A completely new computing platform is on the horizon. They’re called Microservers by some, ARM Servers by others, and sometimes even ARM-based Servers. No matter what you call them, Microservers will have a huge impact on the data center and on server computing in general. Although few people are familiar with Microservers today, their impact will be felt very soon. This is a new category of computing platform that is available today and is predicted to have triple-digit growth rates for some ...
DevOps is being widely accepted (if not fully adopted) as essential in enterprise IT. But as Enterprise DevOps gains maturity, expands scope, and increases velocity, the need for data-driven decisions across teams becomes more acute. DevOps teams in any modern business must wrangle the ‘digital exhaust’ from the delivery toolchain, "pervasive" and "cognitive" computing, APIs and services, mobile devices and applications, the Internet of Things, and now even blockchain. In this power panel at @...
The Internet of Things (IoT), in all its myriad manifestations, has great potential. Much of that potential comes from the evolving data management and analytic (DMA) technologies and processes that allow us to gain insight from all of the IoT data that can be generated and gathered. This potential may never be met as those data sets are tied to specific industry verticals and single markets, with no clear way to use IoT data and sensor analytics to fulfill the hype being given the IoT today.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Numerex Corp, a leading provider of managed enterprise solutions enabling the Internet of Things (IoT), will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo | @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Numerex Corp. (NASDAQ:NMRX) is a leading provider of managed enterprise solutions enabling the Internet of Things (IoT). The Company's solutions produce new revenue streams or create operating...
SYS-CON Events announced today that MathFreeOn will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MathFreeOn is Software as a Service (SaaS) used in Engineering and Math education. Write scripts and solve math problems online. MathFreeOn provides online courses for beginners or amateurs who have difficulties in writing scripts. In accordance with various mathematical topics, there are more tha...
The best way to leverage your Cloud Expo presence as a sponsor and exhibitor is to plan your news announcements around our events. The press covering Cloud Expo and @ThingsExpo will have access to these releases and will amplify your news announcements. More than two dozen Cloud companies either set deals at our shows or have announced their mergers and acquisitions at Cloud Expo. Product announcements during our show provide your company with the most reach through our targeted audiences.
@ThingsExpo has been named the Top 5 Most Influential Internet of Things Brand by Onalytica in the ‘The Internet of Things Landscape 2015: Top 100 Individuals and Brands.' Onalytica analyzed Twitter conversations around the #IoT debate to uncover the most influential brands and individuals driving the conversation. Onalytica captured data from 56,224 users. The PageRank based methodology they use to extract influencers on a particular topic (tweets mentioning #InternetofThings or #IoT in this ...
The Internet of Things will challenge the status quo of how IT and development organizations operate. Or will it? Certainly the fog layer of IoT requires special insights about data ontology, security and transactional integrity. But the developmental challenges are the same: People, Process and Platform and how we integrate our thinking to solve complicated problems. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Craig Sproule, CEO of Metavine, will demonstrate how to move beyond today's coding paradigm ...
Although it has gained significant traction in the consumer space, IoT is still in the early stages of adoption in enterprises environments. However, many companies are working on initiatives like Industry 4.0 that includes IoT as one of the key disruptive technologies expected to reshape businesses of tomorrow. The key challenges will be availability, robustness and reliability of networks that connect devices in a business environment. Software Defined Wide Area Network (SD-WAN) is expected to...
OnProcess Technology has announced it will be a featured speaker at @ThingsExpo, taking place November 1 - 3, 2016, in Santa Clara, California. Dan Gettens, OnProcess’ Chief Analytics Officer, will discuss how Internet of Things (IoT) data can be leveraged to predict product failures, improve uptime and slash costly inventory stock. @ThingsExpo is an annual gathering of IoT and cloud developers, practitioners and thought-leaders who exchange ideas and insights on topics ranging from Big Data in...
Developing software for the Internet of Things (IoT) comes with its own set of challenges. Security, privacy, and unified standards are a few key issues. In addition, each IoT product is comprised of (at least) three separate application components: the software embedded in the device, the back-end service, and the mobile application for the end user’s controls. Each component is developed by a different team, using different technologies and practices, and deployed to a different stack/target –...
Virgil consists of an open-source encryption library, which implements Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) and Elliptic Curve Integrated Encryption Scheme (ECIES) (including RSA schema), a Key Management API, and a cloud-based Key Management Service (Virgil Keys). The Virgil Keys Service consists of a public key service and a private key escrow service. 

SYS-CON Events announced today that CDS Global Cloud, an Infrastructure as a Service provider, will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. CDS Global Cloud is an IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service) provider specializing in solutions for e-commerce, internet gaming, online education and other internet applications. With a growing number of data centers and network points around the world, ...
Data is the fuel that drives the machine learning algorithmic engines and ultimately provides the business value. In his session at Cloud Expo, Ed Featherston, a director and senior enterprise architect at Collaborative Consulting, will discuss the key considerations around quality, volume, timeliness, and pedigree that must be dealt with in order to properly fuel that engine.
Big Data has been changing the world. IoT fuels the further transformation recently. How are Big Data and IoT related? In his session at @BigDataExpo, Tony Shan, a renowned visionary and thought leader, will explore the interplay of Big Data and IoT. He will anatomize Big Data and IoT separately in terms of what, which, why, where, when, who, how and how much. He will then analyze the relationship between IoT and Big Data, specifically the drilldown of how the 4Vs of Big Data (Volume, Variety,...
From wearable activity trackers to fantasy e-sports, data and technology are transforming the way athletes train for the game and fans engage with their teams. In his session at @ThingsExpo, will present key data findings from leading sports organizations San Francisco 49ers, Orlando Magic NBA team. By utilizing data analytics these sports orgs have recognized new revenue streams, doubled its fan base and streamlined costs at its stadiums. John Paul is the CEO and Founder of VenueNext. Prior ...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Embotics, the cloud automation company, will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Embotics is the cloud automation company for IT organizations and service providers that need to improve provisioning or enable self-service capabilities. With a relentless focus on delivering a premier user experience and unmatched customer support, Embotics is the fas...
Ask someone to architect an Internet of Things (IoT) solution and you are guaranteed to see a reference to the cloud. This would lead you to believe that IoT requires the cloud to exist. However, there are many IoT use cases where the cloud is not feasible or desirable. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Dave McCarthy, Director of Products at Bsquare Corporation, will discuss the strategies that exist to extend intelligence directly to IoT devices and sensors, freeing them from the constraints of ...