|By Hovhannes Avoyan||
|October 24, 2012 04:45 AM EDT||
After covering intellectual property such as copyrights, trade secrets, trademarks, and patents (on Monitor.Us Blog), it is time to move on to more IT related topics, such as software licensing. In today’s world of computers and internet, it is important for practically anyone in the business world to have at least a simple understanding of software licensing and how it works. Software is needed for systems, computers and other machines to work properly in almost every part of the global economy. Software applications work in many parts of our day to day lives, from medical devices and programs to financial and even recreational programs.
Those who publish software, called “software developers,” need their product to be available for use to those in the market for which the software was created. For example, a software developer who has created applications for use in the medical field would want to make their product available for doctors, hospital, etc to use. But how can they make the software available and yet protect their product from being stolen? While they can make the code available, how can they ensure that the code is not used in ways which it was not meant to be? In order to provide users with the legal right to utilize the software, a developer will create a software license agreement.
What is a Software License?
According to wisegeek.com, software licensing is a type of contract that exists between a software publisher and the end user. Simplified, this means software licensing is an agreement between the person who created the software, and the person who uses it. The software license itself is created to protect the copyright of the software. It actually restricts how the user can utilize it. In most cases, anything such as duplication of the software (except as a back-up) or installing the software on more than one computer is restricted by a software license agreement. The user is also not allowed to change the software in any way, or edit it’s code. Provisions will usually be added to a software license agreement to prevent pirating of the software.
Often, a software license will be known as an “End User License Agreement” or EULA. On a small scale, you may recognize them as the agreements that you have to click whenever you download software to your computer, smart phone, etc. This is how most software license agreements are made, although some of them can be on paper as well. For the digital agreements, the user “signs” by simply clicking in acceptance. If the user does not agree to the terms of the software licensing agreement, then he or she simply does not click, and the installation of said software will be terminated. In many cases, the user will click in acceptance of the agreement without even reading it, as they can be quite lengthy. Even in cases where the user must pay a fee before installing the software, he or she is not purchasing the software but merely licensing it, or paying for the right to use it.
In most cases, the person or persons who created the software code will own the software code. If the developer of the software works for a specific company for which he or she creates software, then the company will own the software which was developed. It is the software developer or owner who has control over how the code can or cannot be used. In cases which which are not simple “click of the button” agreements, a paper agreement will be signed by both parties. This paper will normally include the terms and conditions which are similar to those in the “click to accept” user agreement. This is normally the preferred method of software licensing when specialized or customized software is involved.
What is Covered by a Software License?
As explained by walkerandjoke.com, many issues can be addressed by a software license in regards to the use of the software. Issues such as how the software can be distributed or installed as well as where this can be done are often covered by the software license. Statements which explain that the developer will not be responsible for unforeseen circumstances such as loss of data, computer crashes, loss of income, etc are often covered in these agreements. Other specifics which can be covered by a software license include the following:
The length of time in which the software may be used
The conditions or systems under which the software can be used
Support which will be included for the software, such as updates, technical assistance, or upgrades
The price of using the software
Any warranty terms which may apply
How each party may or may not be liable for damages that could result from the use of the software
Who has the rights of ownership for the software and/or any products which are developed by its use
How and when disputes concerning the software will be handled
Any other issues which could be important concerning the specific software
There are many different types of software licensing, and they can cover different types of software. For freeware, the licensing is not usually very restrictive. Freeware is, just as it sounds, software which is available free of charge for users to download from the internet. In some cases, the user will have to view a series of ads before using the software. This type of freeware is called adware. Shareware may have a few more restrictions and requires that the user purchase the software if he or she wishes to use it past a certain, previously stated time period. Freeware does have a licensing agreement even though it if free. Although redistribution is normally allowed, altering or selling the software is not allowed. Volume licensing includes distributing the same license or activation of software to many companies at the same time. The only software licensing which comes with no restrictions is known as public domain software, which means that the public is actually considered the owner of the software. The various types of software licensing and what they cover will be included in the next article in this series. Be sure to look for more such articles in the next few weeks. You don’t want to miss this information!
In his keynote at 18th Cloud Expo, Andrew Keys, Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise, provided an overview of the evolution of the Internet and the Database and the future of their combination – the Blockchain. Andrew Keys is Co-Founder of ConsenSys Enterprise. He comes to ConsenSys Enterprise with capital markets, technology and entrepreneurial experience. Previously, he worked for UBS investment bank in equities analysis. Later, he was responsible for the creation and distribution of life sett...
Jun. 25, 2016 06:15 PM EDT Reads: 975
There are several IoTs: the Industrial Internet, Consumer Wearables, Wearables and Healthcare, Supply Chains, and the movement toward Smart Grids, Cities, Regions, and Nations. There are competing communications standards every step of the way, a bewildering array of sensors and devices, and an entire world of competing data analytics platforms. To some this appears to be chaos. In this power panel at @ThingsExpo, moderated by Conference Chair Roger Strukhoff, Bradley Holt, Developer Advocate a...
Jun. 25, 2016 05:00 PM EDT Reads: 662
Cognitive Computing is becoming the foundation for a new generation of solutions that have the potential to transform business. Unlike traditional approaches to building solutions, a cognitive computing approach allows the data to help determine the way applications are designed. This contrasts with conventional software development that begins with defining logic based on the current way a business operates. In her session at 18th Cloud Expo, Judith S. Hurwitz, President and CEO of Hurwitz & ...
Jun. 25, 2016 03:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,518
In his general session at 18th Cloud Expo, Lee Atchison, Principal Cloud Architect and Advocate at New Relic, discussed cloud as a ‘better data center’ and how it adds new capacity (faster) and improves application availability (redundancy). The cloud is a ‘Dynamic Tool for Dynamic Apps’ and resource allocation is an integral part of your application architecture, so use only the resources you need and allocate /de-allocate resources on the fly.
Jun. 25, 2016 02:15 PM EDT Reads: 1,005
A strange thing is happening along the way to the Internet of Things, namely far too many devices to work with and manage. It has become clear that we'll need much higher efficiency user experiences that can allow us to more easily and scalably work with the thousands of devices that will soon be in each of our lives. Enter the conversational interface revolution, combining bots we can literally talk with, gesture to, and even direct with our thoughts, with embedded artificial intelligence, wh...
Jun. 25, 2016 01:45 PM EDT Reads: 867
19th Cloud Expo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterpri...
Jun. 25, 2016 01:15 PM EDT Reads: 1,195
SYS-CON Events announced today that Bsquare has been named “Silver Sponsor” of SYS-CON's @ThingsExpo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. For more than two decades, Bsquare has helped its customers extract business value from a broad array of physical assets by making them intelligent, connecting them, and using the data they generate to optimize business processes.
Jun. 25, 2016 11:45 AM EDT Reads: 1,158
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 19th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal and enterprise IT since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago. All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - comp...
Jun. 25, 2016 11:15 AM EDT Reads: 1,161
Machine Learning helps make complex systems more efficient. By applying advanced Machine Learning techniques such as Cognitive Fingerprinting, wind project operators can utilize these tools to learn from collected data, detect regular patterns, and optimize their own operations. In his session at 18th Cloud Expo, Stuart Gillen, Director of Business Development at SparkCognition, discussed how research has demonstrated the value of Machine Learning in delivering next generation analytics to imp...
Jun. 25, 2016 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 479
There is little doubt that Big Data solutions will have an increasing role in the Enterprise IT mainstream over time. Big Data at Cloud Expo - to be held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA - has announced its Call for Papers is open. Cloud computing is being adopted in one form or another by 94% of enterprises today. Tens of billions of new devices are being connected to The Internet of Things. And Big Data is driving this bus. An exponential increase is...
Jun. 25, 2016 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,279
The 19th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo, to be held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, brings together Cloud Computing, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Digital Transformation, Microservices and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportuni...
Jun. 25, 2016 10:30 AM EDT Reads: 1,228
Cloud computing is being adopted in one form or another by 94% of enterprises today. Tens of billions of new devices are being connected to The Internet of Things. And Big Data is driving this bus. An exponential increase is expected in the amount of information being processed, managed, analyzed, and acted upon by enterprise IT. This amazing is not part of some distant future - it is happening today. One report shows a 650% increase in enterprise data by 2020. Other estimates are even higher....
Jun. 25, 2016 10:15 AM EDT Reads: 1,217
The cloud market growth today is largely in public clouds. While there is a lot of spend in IT departments in virtualization, these aren’t yet translating into a true “cloud” experience within the enterprise. What is stopping the growth of the “private cloud” market? In his general session at 18th Cloud Expo, Nara Rajagopalan, CEO of Accelerite, explored the challenges in deploying, managing, and getting adoption for a private cloud within an enterprise. What are the key differences between wh...
Jun. 25, 2016 10:00 AM EDT Reads: 665
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with the 19th International Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world and ThingsExpo Silicon Valley Call for Papers is now open.
Jun. 25, 2016 09:30 AM EDT Reads: 1,080
It is one thing to build single industrial IoT applications, but what will it take to build the Smart Cities and truly society changing applications of the future? The technology won’t be the problem, it will be the number of parties that need to work together and be aligned in their motivation to succeed. In his Day 2 Keynote at @ThingsExpo, Henrik Kenani Dahlgren, Portfolio Marketing Manager at Ericsson, discussed how to plan to cooperate, partner, and form lasting all-star teams to change t...
Jun. 25, 2016 07:45 AM EDT Reads: 1,043
Connected devices and the industrial internet are growing exponentially every year with Cisco expecting 50 billion devices to be in operation by 2020. In this period of growth, location-based insights are becoming invaluable to many businesses as they adopt new connected technologies. Knowing when and where these devices connect from is critical for a number of scenarios in supply chain management, disaster management, emergency response, M2M, location marketing and more. In his session at @Th...
Jun. 25, 2016 07:30 AM EDT Reads: 876
SYS-CON Events announced today that ReadyTalk, a leading provider of online conferencing and webinar services, has been named Vendor Presentation Sponsor at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. ReadyTalk delivers audio and web conferencing services that inspire collaboration and enable the Future of Work for today’s increasingly digital and mobile workforce. By combining intuitive, innovative tec...
Jun. 24, 2016 01:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,330
Amazon has gradually rolled out parts of its IoT offerings, but these are just the tip of the iceberg. In addition to optimizing their backend AWS offerings, Amazon is laying the ground work to be a major force in IoT - especially in the connected home and office. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Chris Kocher, founder and managing director of Grey Heron, explained how Amazon is extending its reach to become a major force in IoT by building on its dominant cloud IoT platform, its Dash Button strat...
Jun. 24, 2016 12:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,588
industrial company for a multi-year contract initially valued at over $4.0 million. In addition to DataV software, Bsquare will also provide comprehensive systems integration, support and maintenance services. DataV leverages advanced data analytics, predictive reasoning, data-driven diagnostics, and automated orchestration of remediation actions in order to improve asset uptime while reducing service and warranty costs.
Jun. 22, 2016 11:00 AM EDT Reads: 1,350
Vidyo, Inc., has joined the Alliance for Open Media. The Alliance for Open Media is a non-profit organization working to define and develop media technologies that address the need for an open standard for video compression and delivery over the web. As a member of the Alliance, Vidyo will collaborate with industry leaders in pursuit of an open and royalty-free AOMedia Video codec, AV1. Vidyo’s contributions to the organization will bring to bear its long history of expertise in codec technolo...
Jun. 19, 2016 12:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,243