|By Hovhannes Avoyan||
|October 24, 2012 04:45 AM EDT||
After covering intellectual property such as copyrights, trade secrets, trademarks, and patents (on Monitor.Us Blog), it is time to move on to more IT related topics, such as software licensing. In today’s world of computers and internet, it is important for practically anyone in the business world to have at least a simple understanding of software licensing and how it works. Software is needed for systems, computers and other machines to work properly in almost every part of the global economy. Software applications work in many parts of our day to day lives, from medical devices and programs to financial and even recreational programs.
Those who publish software, called “software developers,” need their product to be available for use to those in the market for which the software was created. For example, a software developer who has created applications for use in the medical field would want to make their product available for doctors, hospital, etc to use. But how can they make the software available and yet protect their product from being stolen? While they can make the code available, how can they ensure that the code is not used in ways which it was not meant to be? In order to provide users with the legal right to utilize the software, a developer will create a software license agreement.
What is a Software License?
According to wisegeek.com, software licensing is a type of contract that exists between a software publisher and the end user. Simplified, this means software licensing is an agreement between the person who created the software, and the person who uses it. The software license itself is created to protect the copyright of the software. It actually restricts how the user can utilize it. In most cases, anything such as duplication of the software (except as a back-up) or installing the software on more than one computer is restricted by a software license agreement. The user is also not allowed to change the software in any way, or edit it’s code. Provisions will usually be added to a software license agreement to prevent pirating of the software.
Often, a software license will be known as an “End User License Agreement” or EULA. On a small scale, you may recognize them as the agreements that you have to click whenever you download software to your computer, smart phone, etc. This is how most software license agreements are made, although some of them can be on paper as well. For the digital agreements, the user “signs” by simply clicking in acceptance. If the user does not agree to the terms of the software licensing agreement, then he or she simply does not click, and the installation of said software will be terminated. In many cases, the user will click in acceptance of the agreement without even reading it, as they can be quite lengthy. Even in cases where the user must pay a fee before installing the software, he or she is not purchasing the software but merely licensing it, or paying for the right to use it.
In most cases, the person or persons who created the software code will own the software code. If the developer of the software works for a specific company for which he or she creates software, then the company will own the software which was developed. It is the software developer or owner who has control over how the code can or cannot be used. In cases which which are not simple “click of the button” agreements, a paper agreement will be signed by both parties. This paper will normally include the terms and conditions which are similar to those in the “click to accept” user agreement. This is normally the preferred method of software licensing when specialized or customized software is involved.
What is Covered by a Software License?
As explained by walkerandjoke.com, many issues can be addressed by a software license in regards to the use of the software. Issues such as how the software can be distributed or installed as well as where this can be done are often covered by the software license. Statements which explain that the developer will not be responsible for unforeseen circumstances such as loss of data, computer crashes, loss of income, etc are often covered in these agreements. Other specifics which can be covered by a software license include the following:
The length of time in which the software may be used
The conditions or systems under which the software can be used
Support which will be included for the software, such as updates, technical assistance, or upgrades
The price of using the software
Any warranty terms which may apply
How each party may or may not be liable for damages that could result from the use of the software
Who has the rights of ownership for the software and/or any products which are developed by its use
How and when disputes concerning the software will be handled
Any other issues which could be important concerning the specific software
There are many different types of software licensing, and they can cover different types of software. For freeware, the licensing is not usually very restrictive. Freeware is, just as it sounds, software which is available free of charge for users to download from the internet. In some cases, the user will have to view a series of ads before using the software. This type of freeware is called adware. Shareware may have a few more restrictions and requires that the user purchase the software if he or she wishes to use it past a certain, previously stated time period. Freeware does have a licensing agreement even though it if free. Although redistribution is normally allowed, altering or selling the software is not allowed. Volume licensing includes distributing the same license or activation of software to many companies at the same time. The only software licensing which comes with no restrictions is known as public domain software, which means that the public is actually considered the owner of the software. The various types of software licensing and what they cover will be included in the next article in this series. Be sure to look for more such articles in the next few weeks. You don’t want to miss this information!
WebRTC sits at the intersection between VoIP and the Web. As such, it poses some interesting challenges for those developing services on top of it, but also for those who need to test and monitor these services. In his session at WebRTC Summit, Tsahi Levent-Levi, co-founder of testRTC, reviewed the various challenges posed by WebRTC when it comes to testing and monitoring and on ways to overcome them.
Oct. 28, 2016 07:00 PM EDT Reads: 4,243
The explosion of new web/cloud/IoT-based applications and the data they generate are transforming our world right before our eyes. In this rush to adopt these new technologies, organizations are often ignoring fundamental questions concerning who owns the data and failing to ask for permission to conduct invasive surveillance of their customers. Organizations that are not transparent about how their systems gather data telemetry without offering shared data ownership risk product rejection, regu...
Oct. 28, 2016 07:00 PM EDT Reads: 398
Join IBM November 2 at 19th Cloud Expo at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, and learn how to go beyond multi-speed it to bring agility to traditional enterprise applications. Technology innovation is the driving force behind modern business and enterprises must respond by increasing the speed and efficiency of software delivery. The challenge is that existing enterprise applications are expensive to develop and difficult to modernize. This often results in what Gartner calls...
Oct. 28, 2016 07:00 PM EDT Reads: 384
Bert Loomis was a visionary. This general session will highlight how Bert Loomis and people like him inspire us to build great things with small inventions. In their general session at 19th Cloud Expo, Harold Hannon, Architect at IBM Bluemix, and Michael O'Neill, Strategic Business Development at Nvidia, will discuss the accelerating pace of AI development and how IBM Cloud and NVIDIA are partnering to bring AI capabilities to "every day," on-demand. They will also review two "free infrastruct...
Oct. 28, 2016 06:30 PM EDT Reads: 374
WebRTC defines no default signaling protocol, causing fragmentation between WebRTC silos. SIP and XMPP provide possibilities, but come with considerable complexity and are not designed for use in a web environment. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Matthew Hodgson, technical co-founder of the Matrix.org, discussed how Matrix is a new non-profit Open Source Project that defines both a new HTTP-based standard for VoIP & IM signaling and provides reference implementations.
Oct. 28, 2016 06:15 PM EDT Reads: 2,938
Smart Cities are here to stay, but for their promise to be delivered, the data they produce must not be put in new siloes. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mathias Herberts, Co-founder and CTO of Cityzen Data, will deep dive into best practices that will ensure a successful smart city journey.
Oct. 28, 2016 05:30 PM EDT Reads: 3,331
November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Penta Security is a leading vendor for data security solutions, including its encryption solution, D’Amo. By using FPE technology, D’Amo allows for the implementation of encryption technology to sensitive data fields without modification to schema in the database environment. With businesses having their data become increasingly more complicated in their mission-critical applications (such as ERP, CRM, HRM), continued ...
Oct. 28, 2016 04:30 PM EDT Reads: 1,230
Two weeks ago (November 3-5), I attended the Cloud Expo Silicon Valley as a speaker, where I presented on the security and privacy due diligence requirements for cloud solutions. Cloud security is a topical issue for every CIO, CISO, and technology buyer. Decision-makers are always looking for insights on how to mitigate the security risks of implementing and using cloud solutions. Based on the presentation topics covered at the conference, as well as the general discussions heard between sessi...
Oct. 28, 2016 04:30 PM EDT Reads: 5,256
In his general session at 18th Cloud Expo, Lee Atchison, Principal Cloud Architect and Advocate at New Relic, discussed cloud as a ‘better data center’ and how it adds new capacity (faster) and improves application availability (redundancy). The cloud is a ‘Dynamic Tool for Dynamic Apps’ and resource allocation is an integral part of your application architecture, so use only the resources you need and allocate /de-allocate resources on the fly.
Oct. 28, 2016 04:00 PM EDT Reads: 3,878
SYS-CON Events announced today that Cloudbric, a leading website security provider, will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Cloudbric is an elite full service website protection solution specifically designed for IT novices, entrepreneurs, and small and medium businesses. First launched in 2015, Cloudbric is based on the enterprise level Web Application Firewall by Penta Security Sys...
Oct. 28, 2016 03:15 PM EDT Reads: 1,384
Virgil consists of an open-source encryption library, which implements Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) and Elliptic Curve Integrated Encryption Scheme (ECIES) (including RSA schema), a Key Management API, and a cloud-based Key Management Service (Virgil Keys). The Virgil Keys Service consists of a public key service and a private key escrow service.
Oct. 28, 2016 02:30 PM EDT Reads: 1,250
Data is the fuel that drives the machine learning algorithmic engines and ultimately provides the business value. In his session at Cloud Expo, Ed Featherston, a director and senior enterprise architect at Collaborative Consulting, will discuss the key considerations around quality, volume, timeliness, and pedigree that must be dealt with in order to properly fuel that engine.
Oct. 28, 2016 02:15 PM EDT Reads: 4,030
SYS-CON Events announced today that MathFreeOn will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MathFreeOn is Software as a Service (SaaS) used in Engineering and Math education. Write scripts and solve math problems online. MathFreeOn provides online courses for beginners or amateurs who have difficulties in writing scripts. In accordance with various mathematical topics, there are more tha...
Oct. 28, 2016 02:00 PM EDT Reads: 1,227
In an era of historic innovation fueled by unprecedented access to data and technology, the low cost and risk of entering new markets has leveled the playing field for business. Today, any ambitious innovator can easily introduce a new application or product that can reinvent business models and transform the client experience. In their Day 2 Keynote at 19th Cloud Expo, Mercer Rowe, IBM Vice President of Strategic Alliances, and Raejeanne Skillern, Intel Vice President of Data Center Group and ...
Oct. 28, 2016 01:45 PM EDT Reads: 1,728
The best way to leverage your Cloud Expo presence as a sponsor and exhibitor is to plan your news announcements around our events. The press covering Cloud Expo and @ThingsExpo will have access to these releases and will amplify your news announcements. More than two dozen Cloud companies either set deals at our shows or have announced their mergers and acquisitions at Cloud Expo. Product announcements during our show provide your company with the most reach through our targeted audiences.
Oct. 28, 2016 01:30 PM EDT Reads: 5,203
@ThingsExpo has been named the Top 5 Most Influential Internet of Things Brand by Onalytica in the ‘The Internet of Things Landscape 2015: Top 100 Individuals and Brands.' Onalytica analyzed Twitter conversations around the #IoT debate to uncover the most influential brands and individuals driving the conversation. Onalytica captured data from 56,224 users. The PageRank based methodology they use to extract influencers on a particular topic (tweets mentioning #InternetofThings or #IoT in this ...
Oct. 28, 2016 01:15 PM EDT Reads: 8,656
"We've discovered that after shows 80% if leads that people get, 80% of the conversations end up on the show floor, meaning people forget about it, people forget who they talk to, people forget that there are actual business opportunities to be had here so we try to help out and keep the conversations going," explained Jeff Mesnik, Founder and President of ContentMX, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
Oct. 28, 2016 01:00 PM EDT Reads: 3,730
There is growing need for data-driven applications and the need for digital platforms to build these apps. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Muddu Sudhakar, VP and GM of Security & IoT at Splunk, will cover different PaaS solutions and Big Data platforms that are available to build applications. In addition, AI and machine learning are creating new requirements that developers need in the building of next-gen apps. The next-generation digital platforms have some of the past platform needs a...
Oct. 28, 2016 01:00 PM EDT Reads: 2,430
Intelligent machines are here. Robots, self-driving cars, drones, bots and many IoT devices are becoming smarter with Machine Learning. In her session at @ThingsExpo, Sudha Jamthe, CEO of IoTDisruptions.com, will discuss the next wave of business disruption at the junction of IoT and AI, impacting many industries and set to change our lives, work and world as we know it.
Oct. 28, 2016 12:30 PM EDT Reads: 663
More and more brands have jumped on the IoT bandwagon. We have an excess of wearables – activity trackers, smartwatches, smart glasses and sneakers, and more that track seemingly endless datapoints. However, most consumers have no idea what “IoT” means. Creating more wearables that track data shouldn't be the aim of brands; delivering meaningful, tangible relevance to their users should be. We're in a period in which the IoT pendulum is still swinging. Initially, it swung toward "smart for smar...
Oct. 28, 2016 12:15 PM EDT Reads: 1,313