|By Lori MacVittie||
|November 5, 2009 11:00 AM EST||
Infrastructure 2.0, from a purely developmental standpoint, is about APIs. It’s about offering up the functionality and capabilities of a wide variety of infrastructure – network, storage, and application network – to be externally controlled, integrated, and leveraged for whatever purpose a developer might dream up. It enables providers and enterprises alike to turn infrastructure functionality into services. Need compression? Caching? Routing? Load balancing? Via service-enabled management APIs these can become services, provisioned and released through the invocation of a service. When expanded to include the sharing of actionable data – performance statistics, status, availability of application services (context!) – this integration becomes the mechanism through which a dynamic infrastructure is created. One that reacts to events and conditions in the network, storage, application network, and application infrastructure in real-time.
But all of this functionality, the automation of functions, the codification of processes (orchestration) requires integration. Where previous generations of administrators evaluated the manageability of network and application network devices based on the CLI (command line interface) the next generation of administrators and the developers who will support integration efforts, will almost certainly look to APIs as a means to determine suitability of solutions within their architecture.
APIs are the new CLI
In the past network administrators would compare the CLI syntax and functionality of network and application network devices to Cisco’s IOS. IOS became the de facto standard for command line interfaces and even today you’ll find reviewers and discussions that mention how “IOS-like” any given CLI might be. But as infrastructure 2.0 and the need for dynamic infrastructures continues to drive administrators and developers toward APIs for integration and automation the CLI will wane in importance and the API will rise to take its place. That’s because the APIs provided by network and application network devices will be the primary interface through which the device is configured, controlled, and managed.
Luckily network and application network vendors learned from the trials and travails of enterprise software and the first implementations of these APIs have been primarily standards (web-services, XML) based. Service-enabled APIs means both administrators and developers can take advantage of the functionality and do so in whatever language or environment they are most comfortable. This flexibility is key to adapting to the myriad possible environments and architectures in which such devices may be deployed.
The danger in this shift toward APIs is that it is infinitely more difficult to replace systems that are integrated via an API or library – any programmatic-based integration, really – than it is to replace those for which the CLI is the primary administrative route. Administrators comfortable with the APIs of a Cisco router or switch will be less inclined, for example, to replace those core networking devices with a Juniper or other networking solution because of the inherent difficulty and time involved in learning – and using – a new API. This is true across the infrastructure spectrum; the APIs that allow complete control and management over BIG-IP (iControl) are very different from those available for Citrix Netscaler, or Cisco ACE or any of the other API-enabled application delivery platforms.
It is quite possible that whomever can win the “API wars” for Infrastructure 2.0 will become the new de facto standard for that particular “tier” (for lack of a better term) in the infrastructure architecture. Eventually one API will be preferred over the other – either due to saturation and usage or specific demand and it will give the vendor an edge that will not easily be dulled.
EAI and Adapters
But it’s not just network-facing IT that will help set the direction of APIs. Because part of the premise of infrastructure 2.0 and the APIs that are part of parcel of the standards and devices within its domain is integration there is a developer-focused component to the success of infrastructure APIs. While administrators are most likely to be closest to the APIs of network and application network devices, developers are most likely closest to the applications that drive orchestration and integration with business-focused systems.
One of the ways software application vendors knew they’d “made it” was the inclusion of adapters in EAI (enterprise application integration) systems for their product. ODBC drivers for databases, message queuing adapters for MQ and JMS, and more recently “salesforce.com” and other SaaS offerings. The inclusion of adapters for specific solutions in EAI and development environments is tantamount to declaring that solution a “win” for the enterprise. Thus it will be important to vendors of network and application networking solutions to court management and orchestration system vendors to include at distribution an “adapter” or samples, at a minimum, as the means to integrate and include their particular solution.
This seems counterintuitive, as most APIs are service-enabled and thus the bulk of the integration work is implicit in the API. But the ease with which those APIs are used and integrated by developers is paramount to successful adoption of infrastructure 2.0 APIs. The inclusion as an “adapter” provides the ease of use, often via a GUI, necessary to garner use and support from developers and business-focused orchestration analysts because of the inherent differences in the data plane. Mapping of objects from one device to another, from one system to another, is required and it is this core requirement that is fulfilled by middleware systems such as EAI and ESB (enterprise service bus) implementations. The easy integration with these middle-tier applications will be increasingly important as we move from operational policies based purely on technical metrics toward data centers driven by both technical and business metrics.
APIs are the new basis for standards
The first generation of the Internet used protocols and structural definitions to engender interoperability and even portability. Infrastructure 2.0 heralds the coming of a second generation of the Internet just as Web 2.0 signaled the beginning of the second generation of the Web. This next generation of infrastructure interoperability and portability will certainly be driven by protocols, but those protocols will include APIs and encompass a broader set of functions at higher layers of the network stack. Many of the ongoing efforts in the standards arena today are based not on structural definitions of data but on the APIs that will enable integration across the infrastructure and the Internet, a la “InterCloud.”
Both are necessary components to ensuring interoperability and portability, but until we see standardization of meta-data and component definitions, the emphasis will continue to be on the APIs.
Related blogs & articles:
- Infrastructure 2.0 Is the Beginning of the Story, Not the End
- Infrastructure 2.0 Isn’t Just For Cloud Computing
- Infrastructure Integration: Metadata versus API
- Does a Dynamic Infrastructure Need ARP for Applications?
- The Cloud Metastructure Hubub
- Cloud Computing Makes Servers Obsolete
- Business-Layer Load Balancing
- Cloud Balancing, Cloud Bursting, and Intercloud
@ThingsExpo has been named the ‘Top WebRTC Influencer' by iTrend. iTrend processes millions of conversations, tweets, interactions, news articles, press releases, blog posts - and extract meaning form them and analyzes mobile and desktop software platforms used to communicate, various metadata (such as geo location), and automation tools. In overall placement, @ThingsExpo ranked as the number one ‘WebRTC Influencer' followed by @DevOpsSummit at 55th.
Jan. 19, 2017 02:00 PM EST Reads: 4,762
"There's a growing demand from users for things to be faster. When you think about all the transactions or interactions users will have with your product and everything that is between those transactions and interactions - what drives us at Catchpoint Systems is the idea to measure that and to analyze it," explained Leo Vasiliou, Director of Web Performance Engineering at Catchpoint Systems, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York Ci...
Jan. 19, 2017 01:15 PM EST Reads: 5,654
The 20th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo, to be held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, brings together Cloud Computing, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Containers, Microservices and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportunity. Submit your speaking proposal ...
Jan. 19, 2017 01:15 PM EST Reads: 5,148
SYS-CON Events announced today that Linux Academy, the foremost online Linux and cloud training platform and community, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY. Linux Academy was founded on the belief that providing high-quality, in-depth training should be available at an affordable price. Industry leaders in quality training, provided services, and student certification passes, its goal is to c...
Jan. 19, 2017 12:15 PM EST Reads: 1,993
20th Cloud Expo, taking place June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy.
Jan. 19, 2017 12:15 PM EST Reads: 4,294
In the next five to ten years, millions, if not billions of things will become smarter. This smartness goes beyond connected things in our homes like the fridge, thermostat and fancy lighting, and into heavily regulated industries including aerospace, pharmaceutical/medical devices and energy. “Smartness” will embed itself within individual products that are part of our daily lives. We will engage with smart products - learning from them, informing them, and communicating with them. Smart produc...
Jan. 19, 2017 11:45 AM EST Reads: 1,698
"What is the next step in the evolution of IoT systems? The answer is data, information, which is a radical shift from assets, from things to input for decision making," stated Michael Minkevich, VP of Technology Services at Luxoft, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held November 3-5, 2015, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA.
Jan. 19, 2017 10:00 AM EST Reads: 5,552
The emerging Internet of Everything creates tremendous new opportunities for customer engagement and business model innovation. However, enterprises must overcome a number of critical challenges to bring these new solutions to market. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Michael Martin, CTO/CIO at nfrastructure, outlined these key challenges and recommended approaches for overcoming them to achieve speed and agility in the design, development and implementation of Internet of Everything solutions with...
Jan. 19, 2017 10:00 AM EST Reads: 5,566
WebRTC sits at the intersection between VoIP and the Web. As such, it poses some interesting challenges for those developing services on top of it, but also for those who need to test and monitor these services. In his session at WebRTC Summit, Tsahi Levent-Levi, co-founder of testRTC, reviewed the various challenges posed by WebRTC when it comes to testing and monitoring and on ways to overcome them.
Jan. 19, 2017 09:30 AM EST Reads: 6,023
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place June 6-8, 2017 at the Javits Center in New York City, New York, is co-located with the 20th International Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. @ThingsExpo New York Call for Papers is now open.
Jan. 19, 2017 07:30 AM EST Reads: 3,651
Smart Cities are here to stay, but for their promise to be delivered, the data they produce must not be put in new siloes. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mathias Herberts, Co-founder and CTO of Cityzen Data, discussed the best practices that will ensure a successful smart city journey.
Jan. 19, 2017 07:00 AM EST Reads: 2,015
Every successful software product evolves from an idea to an enterprise system. Notably, the same way is passed by the product owner's company. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Oleg Lola, CEO of MobiDev, will provide a generalized overview of the evolution of a software product, the product owner, the needs that arise at various stages of this process, and the value brought by a software development partner to the product owner as a response to these needs.
Jan. 19, 2017 07:00 AM EST Reads: 1,214
In 2014, Amazon announced a new form of compute called Lambda. We didn't know it at the time, but this represented a fundamental shift in what we expect from cloud computing. Now, all of the major cloud computing vendors want to take part in this disruptive technology. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, John Jelinek IV, a web developer at Linux Academy, will discuss why major players like AWS, Microsoft Azure, IBM Bluemix, and Google Cloud Platform are all trying to sidestep VMs and containers...
Jan. 19, 2017 06:00 AM EST Reads: 856
SYS-CON Events announced today that MobiDev, a client-oriented software development company, will exhibit at SYS-CON's 20th International Cloud Expo®, which will take place June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY, and the 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place October 31-November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. MobiDev is a software company that develops and delivers turn-key mobile apps, websites, web services, and complex softw...
Jan. 19, 2017 05:30 AM EST Reads: 1,904
The cloud market growth today is largely in public clouds. While there is a lot of spend in IT departments in virtualization, these aren’t yet translating into a true “cloud” experience within the enterprise. What is stopping the growth of the “private cloud” market? In his general session at 18th Cloud Expo, Nara Rajagopalan, CEO of Accelerite, explored the challenges in deploying, managing, and getting adoption for a private cloud within an enterprise. What are the key differences between wh...
Jan. 19, 2017 01:15 AM EST Reads: 6,115
"Tintri was started in 2008 with the express purpose of building a storage appliance that is ideal for virtualized environments. We support a lot of different hypervisor platforms from VMware to OpenStack to Hyper-V," explained Dan Florea, Director of Product Management at Tintri, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 18th Cloud Expo, held June 7-9, 2016, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
Jan. 19, 2017 12:45 AM EST Reads: 4,738
The security needs of IoT environments require a strong, proven approach to maintain security, trust and privacy in their ecosystem. Assurance and protection of device identity, secure data encryption and authentication are the key security challenges organizations are trying to address when integrating IoT devices. This holds true for IoT applications in a wide range of industries, for example, healthcare, consumer devices, and manufacturing. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Lancen LaChance, vic...
Jan. 18, 2017 09:45 PM EST Reads: 6,540
WebRTC has had a real tough three or four years, and so have those working with it. Only a few short years ago, the development world were excited about WebRTC and proclaiming how awesome it was. You might have played with the technology a couple of years ago, only to find the extra infrastructure requirements were painful to implement and poorly documented. This probably left a bitter taste in your mouth, especially when things went wrong.
Jan. 18, 2017 09:30 PM EST Reads: 7,656
Big Data, cloud, analytics, contextual information, wearable tech, sensors, mobility, and WebRTC: together, these advances have created a perfect storm of technologies that are disrupting and transforming classic communications models and ecosystems. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Erik Perotti, Senior Manager of New Ventures on Plantronics’ Innovation team, provided an overview of this technological shift, including associated business and consumer communications impacts, and opportunities it m...
Jan. 18, 2017 09:30 PM EST Reads: 5,760
You have great SaaS business app ideas. You want to turn your idea quickly into a functional and engaging proof of concept. You need to be able to modify it to meet customers' needs, and you need to deliver a complete and secure SaaS application. How could you achieve all the above and yet avoid unforeseen IT requirements that add unnecessary cost and complexity? You also want your app to be responsive in any device at any time. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Mark Allen, General Manager of...
Jan. 18, 2017 07:30 PM EST Reads: 3,177